게르만 기독교인

게르만 기독교인(독일어: Deutsche Christen, 영어: German Christians)은 반유대주의, 인종주의, 지도자원리나치즘에 입각하여 독일의 기독교인을 이 교리 전반에 맞추기 위한 목표를 가지고 1932년부터 1945년까지 존재했던 독일 복음주의 교회압력 단체이다.[1] 이러한 교리의 지지로 인해 독일의 지역교회단체의 처음 28곳 중 23곳에서 종파의 분립이 발생하였으며 1934년 이에 반하는 고백교회의 설립으로 이어졌다.[2]

게르만 기독교인의 기 (1934년)

각주편집

  1. Bergen, Doris L. (2005). Levy, Richard S., 편집. 《Antisemitism: A Historical Encyclopedia of Prejudice and Persecution, Volume 1》. Oxford, England: ABC Clio. 172–173쪽. ISBN 1-85109-439-3. 2019년 2월 3일에 원본 문서에서 보존된 문서. 2018년 2월 27일에 확인함. The Deutsche Christen (German Christians) were a group of clergy and laypeople in Germany in the 1930s and 1940s who sought to synthesize 나치즘 and 기독교. They aimed to purge Christianity of everything they deemed Jewish and to create a German church based on "blood". Most of the approximately 600,000 members were Protestant, although a few Catholics were involved. By mid-1933, Deutsche Christen had acquired key posts in the Protestant establishment - in national church governing bodies and university faculties of theology, as regional bishops, and on local church councils. Many kept those positions until 1945 and beyond. 
  2. Only in the regional church bodies of Bavaria (Lutheran), Hanover (Lutheran), Hanover (Reformed), Schaumburg-Lippe, and Württemberg had no majorities of German Christians in their synods, thus protagonists of the Confessing Church considered these church bodies as constitutionally unadulterated (so-called intact churches).

같이 보기편집

외부 링크편집

  • (독일어) Religion in the service of an ethno-nationalist construction of identity: discussions on the examples of the "German Christians" and Japanese Shinto
  • Olaf Kühl-Freudenstein: Krause, Reinhold. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Band 24, Nordhausen 2005, ISBN 3-88309-247-9, Sp. 968–974.
  • (독일어) Die evangelische Kirche und der Holocaust
  • (독일어) Humanist.de: Die christlichen Wurzeln des Nationalsozialismus
  • (독일어) Andreas Herzog: „Wider den jüdischen Geist“. Christian Anti-Semitic arguments 1871–1933