사용자:CypRinus one7/번역/RPK-74

RPK-74
Soviet RPK-74.JPEG
양각대가 장착된 RPK-74의 모습.
종류 경기관총
분대자동소총
국가 소련 소련
역사
사용년도 1974년~현재
사용국가 사용국 참조
사용된 전쟁 소련-아프간 전쟁
체첸 1차 전쟁
체첸 2차 전쟁
남오세티야 전쟁 (2008년)
돈바스 분쟁
2020년 나고르노카라바흐 전쟁
2022년 러시아의 우크라이나 침공
개발년도 1974년
생산년도 1974년~현재
제원
중량 4.7kg (RPK-74)
4.85kg (RPKS-74)
길이 1060mm (개머리판을 펼칠 시) (RPK-74, RPKS-74)
845mm (개머리판을 접을 시 (RPKS-74)
총열길이 590 mm (23.2 in)

탄약 5.45×39mm M74
작동방식 가스 작동식, rotating bolt; 클로즈드 볼트
장전방식 30-, 45-round box magazine
연사속도 600 rounds/min
총구속도 960 m/s (3,149.6 ft/s)
유효사거리 100–1,000 m sight adjustments
최대사거리 3,150 m (3,440 yd)
Comparison of the AK-74 (top) and RPK-74 (bottom)

The RPK-74 (РПК-74) was introduced in 1974 together with the AK-74 assault rifle and chambered for the new 5.45×39mm intermediate cartridge.[1] It was derived from the AK-74 rifle, with modifications that mirror those made to the AKM to create the RPK.

The RPK-74 also uses a longer and heavier chrome-plated barrel, which has a new gas block with a gas channel at a 90° angle to the bore axis, and a ring for the cleaning rod. It is also equipped with a folding bipod and a different front sight tower. The muzzle is threaded for a flash suppressor or blank-firing device.

The rear stock trunnion was strengthened and the magazine well was reinforced with steel inserts.

Additionally, the RPK-74 has a modified return mechanism compared to the AK-74, which uses a new type of metal spring guide rod and recoil spring. The rear sight assembly, forward handguard and receiver dust cover were all retained from the RPK.

The RPK-74 feeds from a 45-round steel or polymer box magazine, interchangeable with magazines from the AK-74,[1] and is designed to be charged from stripper clips. Drum magazines similar to those used on the previous RPK models were tested during its development phase, but were discontinued in favor of the 45-round box magazine. However, recently the production of a 97-round drum has started. This drum was designed to be used with the AK-107 but can also be used in any 5.45×39mm weapon with compatible magazines, such as the RPK-74 and RPK-74M. They were also testing with experimental conventional drums, a prototype 100-round belt fed drum magazine was also created. It attaches into the regular magazine well, but the cartridges are stored on a 100-round belt inside a box. A feed system removes them from the belt and puts them in a position where they can be loaded through the regular magazine well. This system is actuated by a lever from the magazine that clips around the charging handle. It is unknown if this ever went into service.

Standard equipment includes: eight magazines, six stripper clips (15 rounds per clip), a speedloader guide, cleaning rod, cleaning kit, sling, oil bottle and two magazine pouches.[1] Some variants do not come with the cleaning kit option.

It is in widespread use by member states of the former Soviet Union, as well as Bulgaria.[1]