"게오르크 폰 프룬츠베르크"의 두 판 사이의 차이

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잔글 (전거 정보 틀 추가; 예쁘게 바꿈)
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'''게오르크 폰 프룬즈베르크'''({{llang|de|Georg von Frundsberg}}, [[1473년]] ~ [[1528년]])은 [[신성로마제국]]의 [[신성로마제국의 막시밀리안 1세|막시밀리안 1세]]와 [[카를 5세]]의 휘하에서 복무했다.
 
그는 [[1499년]] [[스위스]]와 벌어진 [[슈바벤 전쟁]](Swabian War)에 참전했으며, 같은 해에 [[프랑스]]에 맞선 [[밀라노 공작]] [[루도비코 스포르차]]를 지원하기 위해 제국군과 함께 파병되었다. <!--막시밀리안 1세의 밑에서 복무하며 종군 중이던 [[1504년]], 프룬즈베르크는 Still serving Maximilian, he took part in [[1504]] in the war over the succession to the duchy of [[Bavaria-Landshut]], and afterwards fought in the [[Netherlands]].
 
Convinced of the necessity of a native body of trained infantry, Frundsberg assisted Maximilian to organize the [[Landsknechts]], and subsequently at the head of bands of these formidable troops he was of great service to the Empire and the [[Habsburgs]]. In [[1509]] he participated in the war against [[Venice]], winning fame for himself and his men.
 
After a short visit to Germany he returned to Italy, where between [[1513]] and [[1514]] he gained fresh laurels by his enterprises against the Venetians and the French. Peace being made, he returned to Germany, and at the head of the infantry of the [[Swabian League]] assisted to drive [[Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg]] from his duchy in [[1519]].
 
At the [[diet of Worms]] in [[1521]] he spoke words of encouragement to [[Martin Luther]], and when the struggle between France and the Empire was renewed he took part in the invasion of [[Picardy]], and then proceeding to Italy brought the greater part of [[Lombardy]] under the influence of [[Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor|Charles V]] through his victory at the [[Battle of Bicocca]] in April [[1522]]. He was partly responsible for the great victory over the French at the [[Battle of Pavia]] in February [[1525]], and, returning to Germany, he assisted to suppress the [[Peasants' War]], using on this occasion, however, diplomacy as well as force.
 
When the war in Italy was renewed Frundsberg raised an army at his own expense, and skilfully surmounting many difficulties, joined the [[Charles III, Duke of Bourbon|Constable de Bourbon]] near [[Piacenza]] and marched towards [[Rome]]. Before he reached the Eternal city, however, his unpaid troops showed signs of mutiny, near [[Modena]] on [[March 13]] [[1527]] and their leader, stricken with severe illness and unable to pacify them, gave up his command. Returning to Germany, he never recovered and died at Mindelheim on [[August 20]] [[1528]]. He was a capable and chivalrous soldier, and a devoted servant of the Habsburgs.
 
His son Caspar ([[1500]]–[[1536]]) and his grandson Georg (d. [[1586]]) were both soldiers of some distinction. With the latter's death, the family became extinct.
 
German commander in the service of Holy Roman emperors Maximilian I and Charles V. He was the principal organizer and commander of the imperial Landsknechte, a mercenary infantry. In the Italian Wars, Frundsberg contributed to the victories of La Bicocca (1522) and Pavia (1525) over the French. He then helped to end the Peasants' War in Germany, but in 1526 returned to Italy to aid Charles de Bourbon against the anti-imperial League of Cognac. While trying to pacify a mutiny caused by rumors of a truce (the troops had not been paid), Frundsberg suffered a stroke and died. The troops continued their march on Rome under Charles de Bourbon and sacked the city.
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[[제2차 세계 대전]] 동안, [[무장친위대]]의 [[10 SS기갑사단 프룬즈베르크|10 SS기갑사단]]에 그의 성인 '''프룬즈베르크(Frundsberg)'''가 별칭으로 붙여졌다.

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