"소련-일본 국경 분쟁"의 두 판 사이의 차이

== 1차 전쟁 ==
=== 배경 ===
1932년 [[만주국]] 설립 이후, 일본군과 소련군은 1934년까지 만주의 국경에서 약 151회 충돌했다. 이 전투는 1935년부터 1936년까지 1년간 약 150회 정도로 증가했고, 그 규모도 훨씬 커지게 되었다. 1935년 1월, 첫 무장 충돌로
 
In January 1935, the first armed clash, {{Nihongo|[[Halhamiao incident]]|哈爾哈廟事件|Haruhabyō jiken}} occurred on the border between [[Mongolia]] and Manchukuo.<ref>Charles Otterstedt, [http://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=445559 ''Kwantung Army and the Nomonhan Incident: Its Impact on National security'']</ref> Scores of [[Mongolian People's Army|Mongolian cavalry]] engaged a [[Manchukuo Imperial Army|Manchukuo army]] patrol unit near the [[Buddhist temple]] at Halhamiao. The Manchukuo Army incurred slight casualties, including a Japanese [[military advisor]].
 
Between December 1935 and March 1936, the {{Nihongo|[[Orahodoga incident]]|オラホドガ事件|Orahodoga jiken}}([[:ja:オラホドガ事件|ja]]) and the {{Nihongo|[[Tauran incident]]|タウラン事件|Tauran jiken}} ([[:ja:タウラン事件|ja]]) occurred. In these battles, both the Japanese Army and Mongolian Army used a small number of [[armoured fighting vehicle]]s and [[military aircraft]].
 
In June 1937, the {{Nihongo|[[Kanchazu Island incident]]|乾岔子島事件|Kanchazutou jiken}} ([[:ja:乾岔子島事件|ja]]) occurred on the [[Amur River]] (Soviet–Manchuko border). Three Soviet [[gunboat]]s crossed the centre line of the river and occupied Kanchazu island. The [[1st Division (Imperial Japanese Army)|IJA 1st Division]] sank one of the Soviet gunboats by artillery fire and damaged another. The [[Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan)|Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs]] protested and the Soviet soldiers withdrew from the island.
 
== 2차 전쟁 ==