"처녀자리 엡실론"의 두 판 사이의 차이

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("Epsilon Virginis" 문서를 번역하여 만듦)
 
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'''Epsilon처녀자리 Virginis엡실론''' (ε Vir, ε Virginis) is the [[바이어 명명법|Bayer designation황도대]] for a있는 [[항성|star처녀자리]] in방향에 the있는 [[황도대|zodiac]] [[별자리|constellation]] of [[처녀자리|Virgo항성]]이다. It옛날부터 has부르던 the traditional name애칭으로 '''Vindemiatrix빈데미아트릭스''', which있는데 comes from이는 [[그리스어|Greek]]에서 through기원하여 [[라틴어|Latin]]화된 and단어로 means'포도를 Grape수확하는 Gatherer자'라는 뜻이다. The [[겉보기등급|apparent visual magnitude]] of this star is +2.8,8로<ref name="sps1966"><span class="citation" id="CITEREFGutierrez-MorenoMorenoStockTorres1966">Gutierrez-Moreno, Adelina et al. (1966), ''A System of photometric standards'' '''1''', Publicaciones Universidad de Chile, Department de Astronomy, pp.&nbsp;1–17, [[비브코드|Bibcode]]:[http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1966PDAUC...1....1G 1966PDAUC...1....1G]</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEpsilon+Virginis&rft.aufirst=Adelina&rft.au=Gutierrez-Moreno%2C+Adelina&rft.aulast=Gutierrez-Moreno&rft.au=Moreno%2C+H.&rft.au=Stock%2C+J.&rft.au=Torres%2C+C.&rft.au=Wroblewski%2C+H.&rft.btitle=A+System+of+photometric+standards&rft.date=1966&rft.genre=book&rft_id=info%3Abibcode%2F1966PDAUC...1....1G&rft.pages=1-17&rft.pub=Publicaciones+Universidad+de+Chile%2C+Department+de+Astronomy&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.volume=1" class="Z3988">&nbsp;</span></ref> making it the [[처녀자리의 항성별들 목록|third brightest]] member번째로 of Virgo밝다. Based upon [[시차히파르코스 (천문학인공위성)|parallax히파르코스]] measurements미션 made during the얻은 [[히파르코스시차 (인공위성천문학)|Hipparcos시차]] mission,자료로 Vindemiatrix계산한 lies at별과 a지구 distance사이 of거리는 about {{틀:단위 변환|109.6|ly|pc|abbr = off|lk = on}} from Earth, give or take a half light year광년이다.<ref name="aaa474_2_653"><span class="citation journal">van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007). </span></ref>
 
Vindemiatrix엡실론의 is진화 a단계는 [[거성|giant star]]으로 with항성 a stellar classification of분광형으로는 G8&nbsp;IIIIII이다.<ref name="araa11_29"><span class="citation" id="CITEREFMorganKeenan1973">Morgan, W. W.; Keenan, P. C. (1973), "Spectral Classification", ''Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics'' '''11''': 29, [[비브코드|Bibcode]]:[http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1973ARA&A..11...29M 1973ARA&#x26;A..11...29M], [[디지털 객체 식별자|doi]]:[[doi:10.1146/annurev.aa.11.090173.000333|10.1146/annurev.aa.11.090173.000333]]</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEpsilon+Virginis&rft.atitle=Spectral+Classification&rft.aufirst=W.+W.&rft.au=Keenan%2C+P.+C.&rft.aulast=Morgan&rft.au=Morgan%2C+W.+W.&rft.date=1973&rft.genre=article&rft_id=info%3Abibcode%2F1973ARA%26A..11...29M&rft_id=info%3Adoi%2F10.1146%2Fannurev.aa.11.090173.000333&rft.jtitle=Annual+Review+of+Astronomy+and+Astrophysics&rft.pages=29&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.volume=11" class="Z3988">&nbsp;</span></ref> With질량은 태양의 2.66배로<ref name="aaa458_2_609"><span class="citation" id="CITEREFda_SilvaGirardiPasquiniSetiawan2006">da Silva, L. et al. </span></ref> times항성진화 the단계상 mass of the Sun, it has reached a stage in its [[항성 진화|evolution]] where the hydrogen중심핵에 fuel있는 in수소를 its모두 core태우고 is부풀어오르고 exhausted있다. As이렇게 a팽창한 result, it has엡실론의 expanded지름은 to태양의 over10배나 ten되며<ref name="aj118_6_3032"><span class="citation" id="CITEREFNordgrenGermainBensonMozurkewich1999">Nordgren, Tyler E. et al. </span></ref> times뿜는 the에너지의 Sun's양은 girth태양의 and77배 is now radiating around 77정도이다.<ref name="aaa352_495"><span class="citation" id="CITEREFMallik1999">Mallik, Sushma V. (December 1999), "Lithium abundance and mass", ''Astronomy and Astrophysics'' '''352''': 495–507, [[비브코드|Bibcode]]:[http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999A&A...352..495M 1999A&#x26;A...352..495M]</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEpsilon+Virginis&rft.atitle=Lithium+abundance+and+mass&rft.aufirst=Sushma+V.&rft.aulast=Mallik&rft.au=Mallik%2C+Sushma+V.&rft.date=December+1999&rft.genre=article&rft_id=info%3Abibcode%2F1999A%26A...352..495M&rft.jtitle=Astronomy+and+Astrophysics&rft.pages=495-507&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.volume=352" class="Z3988">&nbsp;</span></ref> times외곽 as항성대기에섯 much뿜어져 luminosity나오는 as the에너지의 Sun.유효 This온도는 energy5086 is being emitted from its [[태양 대기권|outer atmosphere]] at an [[유효온도|effective temperature]] of 5,086&nbsp;K,켈빈으로<ref name="aaa458_2_609"><span class="citation" id="CITEREFda_SilvaGirardiPasquiniSetiawan2006">da Silva, L. et al. </span></ref> which우리 gives눈에 it노란색으로 the빛나는 yellow-hued것처럼 glow보인다. of1943년 a이래 [[항성분류|G-type star]]. Since 1943, the별의 [[스펙트럼|spectrum]] of this star has served as one of the stable다른 anchor별들의 points분광형을 by정하는 which안정적인 other기준점 stars역할을 are classified왔다.<ref name="baas25_1319"><span class="citation" id="CITEREFGarrison1993">Garrison, R. F. (December 1993), [http://www.astro.utoronto.ca/~garrison/mkstds.html "Anchor Points for the MK System of Spectral Classification"], ''Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society'' '''25''': 1319, [[비브코드|Bibcode]]:[http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993AAS...183.1710G 1993AAS...183.1710G]<span class="reference-accessdate">, retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-02-04</span></span></span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AEpsilon+Virginis&rft.atitle=Anchor+Points+for+the+MK+System+of+Spectral+Classification&rft.aufirst=R.+F.&rft.au=Garrison%2C+R.+F.&rft.aulast=Garrison&rft.date=December+1993&rft.genre=article&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.astro.utoronto.ca%2F~garrison%2Fmkstds.html&rft_id=info%3Abibcode%2F1993AAS...183.1710G&rft.jtitle=Bulletin+of+the+American+Astronomical+Society&rft.pages=1319&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.volume=25" class="Z3988">&nbsp;</span></ref>
 
== 참고 문헌 ==
This star is following an orbit through the [[우리은하|Milky Way]] with an [[궤도이심률|eccentricity]] of 0.11. This will carry it as close as {{틀:단위 변환|7.25|kpc|kly|abbr = on|lk = on}} to the [[은하중심|Galactic Center]], and take it as far as {{틀:단위 변환|7.25|kpc|kly|abbr = on|lk = on}}. It is a likely member of the thin disk population and the orbit departs by no more than {{틀:단위 변환|7.25|kpc|kly|abbr = on|lk = on}} from the [[은하면|galactic plane]].<ref name="aaa480_1_91"><span class="citation" id="CITEREFSoubiranBienaym.C3.A9MisheninaKovtyukh2008">Soubiran, C. et al. (2008), "Vertical distribution of Galactic disk stars. </span></ref>
 
== Etymology ==
The traditional names Vindemiatrix and Vindemiator are from Latin ''vindēmiātrix, vindēmitor'' "the grape-harvestress". Additional medieval names are Almuredin, Alaraph, Provindemiator, Protrigetrix, and Protrygetor. This star, along with [[자비야바|β Vir]](Zavijava), [[포리마|γ Vir]] (Porrima), η Vir (Zaniah) and δ Vir, (Auva), were '''Al ʽAwwāʼ''', the Barker.<ref name="sb0"><span class="citation" id="CITEREFAllen1963">Allen, R. H. (1963), [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Topics/astronomy/_Texts/secondary/ALLSTA/Virgo*.html ''Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning''] (Reprint ed.</span></ref>
 
In [[중국어|Chinese]], {{틀:Lang|zh|太微左垣}} ({{틀:Lang|zh|太微左垣}}), meaning ''[[태미원|Left Wall of Supreme Palace Enclosure]]'', refers to an asterism consisting of ε Virginis, η Virginis, [[포리마|γ Virginis]], δ Virginis and α Comae Berenices.<ref>(Chinese) ''中國星座神話'', written by 陳久金. </ref> Consequently, ε Virginis itself is known as {{틀:Lang|zh|太微左垣}} ({{틀:Lang|zh|太微左垣}}, {{틀:Lang|zh|太微左垣}}.),<ref>(Chinese) [http://www.lcsd.gov.hk/CE/Museum/Space/Research/StarName/c_research_chinengstars_t_z.htm 香港太空館 - 研究資源 - 亮星中英對照表], Hong Kong Space Museum. </ref> representing {{틀:Lang|zh|太微左垣}} ({{틀:Lang|zh|太微左垣}}), meaning ''The Second Eastern General''.<ref>(Chinese) [http://www.lcsd.gov.hk/CE/Museum/Space/Research/StarName/e_research_chinengstarzone_b.htm#SupremePalaceEnclosure English-Chinese Glossary of Chinese Star Regions, Asterisms and Star Name], Hong Kong Space Museum. </ref> 東次將 (Dōngcìjiāng), westernized into ''Tsze Tseang'' by R.H. Allen and the meaning is "the Second General"<ref>[http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Topics/astronomy/_Texts/secondary/ALLSTA/Virgo*.html Richard Hinckley Allen: Star Names — Their Lore and Meaning: Virgo]</ref>
 
== References ==
{{Reflist|refs = <ref name=aaa474_2_653>{{cite journal | first=F. | last=van Leeuwen |date=November 2007 | title=Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction | journal=Astronomy and Astrophysics | volume=474 | issue=2 | pages=653–664 | bibcode=2007A&A...474..653V | doi=10.1051/0004-6361:20078357 |arxiv = 0708.1752 }}</ref>
 
<ref name=aaa480_1_91>{{citation | display-authors=1 | last1=Soubiran | first1=C. | last2=Bienaymé | first2=O. | last3=Mishenina | first3=T. V. | last4=Kovtyukh | first4=V. V. | title=Vertical distribution of Galactic disk stars. IV. AMR and AVR from clump giants | journal=Astronomy and Astrophysics | date=2008 | volume=480 | issue=1 | pages=91–101 | bibcode=2008A&A...480...91S | doi=10.1051/0004-6361:20078788 |arxiv = 0712.1370 }}</ref>
 
<ref name=aj118_6_3032>{{citation | display-authors=1 | last1=Nordgren | first1=Tyler E. | last2=Germain | first2=M. E. | last3=Benson | first3=J. A. | last4=Mozurkewich | first4=D. | last5=Sudol | first5=J. J. | last6=Elias | first6=N. M., II | last7=Hajian | first7=Arsen R. | last8=White | first8=N. M. | last9=Hutter | first9=D. J. | title=Stellar Angular Diameters of Late-Type Giants and Supergiants Measured with the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer | journal=The Astronomical Journal | volume=118 | issue=6 | pages=3032–3038 |date=December 1999 | doi=10.1086/301114 | bibcode=1999AJ....118.3032N }}</ref>
 
<ref name=aaa361_614>{{citation | last1=Pizzolato | first1=N. | last2=Maggio | first2=A. | last3=Sciortino | first3=S. | title=Evolution of X-ray activity of 1-3 Msun late-type stars in early post-main-sequence phases | journal=Astronomy and Astrophysics | volume=361 | pages=614–628 |date=September 2000 | bibcode=2000A&A...361..614P }}</ref>
 
<ref name=aaa458_2_609>{{citation | display-authors=1 | last1=da Silva | first1=L. | last2=Girardi | first2=L. | last3=Pasquini | first3=L. | last4=Setiawan | first4=J. | last5=von der Lühe | first5=O. | last6=de Medeiros | first6=J. R. | last7=Hatzes | first7=A. | last8=Döllinger | first8=M. P. | last9=Weiss | first9=A. | title=Basic physical parameters of a selected sample of evolved stars | journal=Astronomy and Astrophysics | volume=458 | issue=2 | pages=609–623 |date=November 2006 | doi=10.1051/0004-6361:20065105 | bibcode=2006A&A...458..609D |arxiv = astro-ph/0608160 }}</ref>
 
<ref name=aaa352_495>{{citation | last1=Mallik | first1=Sushma V. | title=Lithium abundance and mass | journal=Astronomy and Astrophysics | volume=352 | pages=495–507 |date=December 1999 | bibcode=1999A&A...352..495M }}</ref>
 
<ref name=simbada>[http://simbad.u-strasbg.fr/simbad/sim-id?Ident=Epsilon+Virginis Database entry for Epsilon Viginis], [[SIMBAD]]. Accessed online May 10, 2010.</ref>
 
<ref name=sb0>{{citation | last=Allen | first=R. H. | date=1963 | authorlink=Richard Hinckley Allen | title=Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning | url=http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Topics/astronomy/_Texts/secondary/ALLSTA/Virgo*.html | accessdate=2010-12-12 | edition=Reprint | publisher=Dover Publications Inc | location=New York, NY | isbn=0-486-21079-0 | page=469 }}</ref>
 
<ref name=baas25_1319>{{citation | last1=Garrison | first1=R. F. | title=Anchor Points for the MK System of Spectral Classification | journal=Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society | volume=25 | page=1319 |date=December 1993 | bibcode=1993AAS...183.1710G | url=http://www.astro.utoronto.ca/~garrison/mkstds.html | accessdate=2012-02-04 }}</ref>
 
<ref name=aaa421_241>{{citation | display-authors=1 | last1=Setiawan | first1=J. | last2=Pasquini | first2=L. | last3=da Silva | first3=L. | last4=Hatzes | first4=A. P. | last5=von der Lühe | first5=O. | last6=Girardi | first6=L. | last7=de Medeiros | first7=J. R. | last8=Guenther | first8=E. | title=Precise radial velocity measurements of G and K giants. Multiple systems and variability trend along the Red Giant Branch | journal=Astronomy and Astrophysics | volume=421 | pages=241–254 |date=July 2004 | doi=10.1051/0004-6361:20041042-1 | bibcode=2004A&A...421..241S }}</ref>
 
<ref name=sps1966>{{citation | display-authors=1 | last1=Gutierrez-Moreno | first1=Adelina | last2=Moreno | first2=H. | last3=Stock | first3=J. | last4=Torres | first4=C. | last5=Wroblewski | first5=H. | title=A System of photometric standards | publisher=Publicaciones Universidad de Chile, Department de Astronomy | volume=1 | pages=1–17 | date=1966 | bibcode=1966PDAUC...1....1G }}</ref>
 
<ref name=fk6_1999araa11_29>{{citation | display-authors=1 | last1=WielenMorgan | first1=RW. W. | last2=SchwanKeenan | first2=HP. | last3=Dettbarn | first3=C. | last4title=LenhardtSpectral | first4=H.Classification | last5journal=JahreißAnnual |Review first5=H.of |Astronomy last6=Jährlingand | first6=R.Astrophysics | titlevolume=Sixth Catalogue of Fundamental Stars (FK6). Part I. Basic fundamental stars with direct solutions11 | publisherpage=Veröffentlichungen des Astronomisches Rechen-Institut Heidelberg29 | volumedate=351973 | datedoi=199910.1146/annurev.aa.11.090173.000333 | bibcode=1999VeARI1973ARA&A..3511....1W29M }}</ref>}}
 
== 외부 링크 ==
<ref name=araa11_29>{{citation | last1=Morgan | first1=W. W. | last2=Keenan | first2=P. C. | title=Spectral Classification | journal=Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics | volume=11 | page=29 | date=1973 | doi=10.1146/annurev.aa.11.090173.000333 | bibcode=1973ARA&A..11...29M }}</ref>}}
* {{틀:인용|first1 = james B.|last1 = Kaler|title = Vindemiatrix|work = Stars|url = http://stars.astro.illinois.edu/sow/vindemiatrix.html|accessdate = 20112015-0109-1201}}
 
== External links ==
* {{틀:인용|first1 = james B.|last1 = Kaler|title = Vindemiatrix|work = Stars|url = http://stars.astro.illinois.edu/sow/vindemiatrix.html|accessdate = 2011-01-12}}
[[분류:처녀자리]]
[[분류:거성]]