제2차 솜므 전투''' 또는 '''아라스 전투 (1918년)'''은 [[제1차 세계 대전]] 중인 [[1918년]] 여름 끝자락에 [[서부 전선 (제1차 세계 대전)|서부 전선]] [[솜므 강]] [[유역]]에서 벌어진 전투다. 이 전투는 [[1차 솜므 전투 (1918년)|독일의 공세]]에 대응한 반격으로 병력 증원 및 재보급을 마친 후에 시작되었다.
<!--1918년 솜므 전투에서 가장 중요한 특징은 [[1차 솜므 전투 (1918년)]]로 압도적인 [[독일 육군|독일군]]의 [[춘계 공세]]를 막아내고, 2차 솜므 전투로 연합군
The most significant feature of the 1918 Somme battles was that with the [[First Battle of the Somme (1918)|first Battle of the Somme of 1918's]] having halted what had begun as an overwhelming [[German Army|German]] [[Spring Offensive|offensive]], the second formed the central part of the Allies' advance to the [[Armistice]] of [[November 11]].
One of the epic battles of the whole war was the breach of the [[Hindenburg Line]]
Battle of the St Quentin Canal
, later in September. On the way, the earthworks of the incomplete [[Canal du Nord]]
and the defences of
Mont St. Quentin|Péronne
2차 전투는 [[8월 21일]]에 [[Bapaume]]에서 전투로 시작되었다. 전투는 전선에서 약 68km(40마일) 정도 너비의 넓은 전선의 전투로 확대되어 [[두에]]에서 [[Saint-Quentin, Aisne]]의 남쪽인 [[La Fère]]에 이르렀다.
One of the epic battles of the whole war was the breach of the [[Hindenburg Line]] at the '''[[Battle of the St Quentin Canal]]''', later in September. On the way, the earthworks of the incomplete [[Canal du Nord]] and the defences of [[Battle of Mont St. Quentin|Péronne]] were overcome.
A key part of the German supply line ran parallel with the front. This second 1918 battle around the Somme was part of a strategy designed to push parts of the German line back behind this main supply line so cutting it and making the efficient maintenance of the German forces on the front, impossible. The Campaign began with battle of Bapaume and, starting shortly after, the [[Battle of Saint-Mihiel]], outside the Somme area, with the aim of reducing salients before using the fluidity of the broken line to press on to the strategic railway. It was hoped that this fluidity would be present as, owing to the German advance in the spring, the German forces were well in advance of their hitherto impregnable, very well prepared defences on the Hindenburg Line.
This policy worked but it took some very determined work at the St Quentin Canal, among the prepared defences, to achieve success.