벨 (신화): 두 판 사이의 차이

1,807 바이트 제거됨 ,  14년 전
잔글
편집 요약 없음
잔글 (로봇이 더함: hy:Բել)
잔글편집 요약 없음
'''벨'''은 주인, 제왕을 의미라며, 진짜 이름이라기 보다는 직위이며 [[바빌로니아]] 종교의 다양한 신들에 적용된다. 여성형은 벨리트이다. 벨은 그리이스어와 라틴어에 각각 벨로스와 벨루스로 표현된다. 언어학적으로 벨은 동셈계로 북서셈계의 바알과 같은 뜻을 지닌다.
 
초기의 아카드어 번역자들은 수메르어로 [[엔릴]]이라 불리었던 신의 이상형이 아카드어로 벨로 읽혔다고 믿었다. 이것은 이제 틀린 것으로 알려져 있지만 벨은 더 오래된 번역과 논의에 엔릴을 언급할 때 사용되었음을 발견한다.
이것은 이제 틀린것으로 알려져 있지만 벨은 더 오래된 번역과 논의에 엔릴을 언급할 떄 사용되었음을 발견한다.
 
벨은 특히 바빌로니아 신 [[마르둑]]에 사용되었다.
<!-- when found in Assyrian and neo-Babylonian personal names or mentioned in inscriptions in a Mesopotamian context it can usually be taken as referring to Marduk and no other god. Similarly ''Belit'' without some disambiguation mostly refers to Bel Marduk's spouse [[Sarpanit]]. However Marduk's mother, the Sumerian goddess called [[Ninhursag]], Ningal and Ninmah and other names in Sumerian, was often known as ''Belit-ili'' 'Lady of the Gods' in Akkadian.
 
Of course other gods called "Lord" could be and sometimes were identified totally or in part with Bel Marduk. The god [[Malak-bel]] of [[Palmyra]] is an example, though in the later period from which most of our information comes he seems to have become very much a sun god which Marduk was not.
 
Similarly Zeus Belus mentioned by [[Sanchuniathon]] as born to [[Cronus]]/[[El (god)|El]] in [[Perea (Holy Land)|Peraea]] is certainly most unlikely to be Marduk.
 
[[W. H. D. Rouse]] in 1940 wrote an ironic end note to Book 40 of his edition of [[Nonnus]]' ''Dionysiaca'' about a very syncretistic hymn sung by [[Dionysus]] to Tyrian Heracles, that is, to Ba‘al [[Melqart]] whom Dionysus identifies with Belus on the [[Euphrates]] (who should be Marduk!) and as a sun god:<blockquote>... the Greeks were as firmly convinced as many modern Bible-readers that the Semites, or the Orientals generally, worshipped a god called Baal or Bel, the truth of course being that ''ba'al'' is a Semitic word for lord or master, and so applies to a multitude of gods. This "Bel," then, being an important deity, must be the sun, the more so as some of the gods bearing that title may have been really solar.</blockquote>
 
''Bel'' is named in the Bible at {{bibleverse||Isaiah|46:1}} and {{bibleverse||Jeremiah|50:2}} and {{bibleverse-nb||Jeremiah|51:44}}.
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