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== 발음 ==
 
{{빈 문단}}
=== 모음 ===
:{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center;"
!
! colspan="2"|[[전설 모음]]
! colspan="2"|[[중설 모음]]
! colspan="2"|[[후설 모음]]
|-
!
! 단모음
! 장모음
! 단모음
! 장모음
! 단모음
! 장모음
|-
! style="text-align: left;" | 협모음
| {{IPA|i}}
| {{IPA|iː}}
|
|
| {{IPA|u}}
| {{IPA|uː}}
|-
! style="text-align: left;" | 근협모음
|
|
|
|
| {{IPA|ʊ}}
| {{IPA|ʊː}}
|-
! style="text-align: left;" | 중고모음
| {{IPA|e}}
| {{IPA|eː}}
| {{IPA|o}} {{IPA|[ɵ]}}
|
|
| {{IPA|oː}}
|-
! style="text-align: left;" | 중저모음
|
|
|
|
| {{IPA|ɔ}}
| {{IPA|ɔː}}
|-
! style="text-align: left;" | 광모음
|
|
| {{IPA|a}}
| {{IPA|aː}}
|
|
|}
 
== 자음 ==
{| class="wikitable" style=text-align:center
! colspan=2 rowspan=2|
! colspan=2|[[labial consonant|Labial]]
! colspan=2|[[Dental consonant|Dental]]
! rowspan=2|[[Palatal consonant|Palatal]]
! colspan=2|[[Velar consonant|Velar]]
! rowspan=2|[[Uvular consonant|Uvular]]
|- style="font-size: x-small;"
! plain
! [[Palatalization (phonetics)|pal.]]
! plain
! [[Palatalization (phonetics)|pal.]]
! [[Palatalization (phonetics)|pal.]]
! plain
|-
! colspan=2| [[Nasal consonant|Nasal]]
| {{IPA|m}}
| {{IPA|mʲ}}
| {{IPA|n}}
| {{IPA|nʲ}}
|
|
| {{IPA|ŋ}}
|
|-
! rowspan=3|[[Plosive consonant|Plosive]]
! <small>[[Voicelessness|voiceless]] [[Aspiration (phonetics)|aspirated]]</small>
| ({{IPA|pʰ}})
| ({{IPA|pʲʰ}})
| {{IPA|tʰ}}
| {{IPA|tʲʰ}}
|
| ({{IPA|kʲʰ}})
| ({{IPA|kʰ}})
|
|-
! <small>[[Voicelessness|voiceless]]</small>
| {{IPA|p}}
| {{IPA|pʲ}}
| {{IPA|t}}
| {{IPA|tʲ}}
|
|
|
|
|-
! <small>[[Voice (phonetics)|voiced]]</small>
|
|
|
|
|
| {{IPA|ɡʲ}}
| {{IPA|ɡ}}
| {{IPA|ɢ}}
|-
! rowspan=2| [[Affricate consonant|Affricate]]
! <small>[[Voicelessness|voiceless]] [[Aspiration (phonetics)|aspirated]]</small>
|
|
| {{IPA|tsʰ}}
|
| {{IPA|tʃʰ}}
|
|
|
|-
! <small>[[Voicelessness|voiceless]]</small>
|
|
| {{IPA|ts}}
|
| {{IPA|tʃ}}
|
|
|
|-
! rowspan=2| [[Fricative consonant|Fricative]]
! <small>[[Central consonant|central]]</small>
| ({{IPA|f}})
|
| {{IPA|s}}
|
| {{IPA|ʃ}}
| {{IPA|xʲ}}
| {{IPA|x}}
|
|-
! <small>[[Lateral consonant|lateral]]</small>
|
|
| {{IPA|ɮ}}
| {{IPA|ɮʲ}}
|
|
|
|
|-
! colspan=2| [[Trill consonant|Trill]]
|
|
| {{IPA|r}}
| {{IPA|rʲ}}
|
|
|
|
|-
! colspan=2| [[Approximant consonant|Approximant]]
| {{IPA|w̜}}
| {{IPA|w̜ʲ}}
|
|
| {{IPA|j}}
|
|
|
|}
 
== 문법 ==