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도시명은 [[기원전 7세기]]에 [[고대 카르타고|카르타고]]에 의해 건설된 [[페니키아인]]의 식민 도시 3개를 통틀어서 [[그리스어]]로 '3개의 도시'를 의미하는 ''트리폴리스''(Tripolis)라고 하는 이름에서 유래되었다. 643년 [[이슬람]] 세력이 이 지방을 점령한 후 군사·행정의 중심을 오에아에 두었으므로 다른 두 시(市)가 쇠퇴해서 폐허가 된 것에 반해 오에아만은 도시로 존속했다. [[레바논]]에 있는 [[트리폴리 (레바논)|트리폴리]]와 구별해서 '서트리폴리'({{llang|ar|طرابلس الغرب|타라불루스 알가르브}})라고도 불린다.
 
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== 기후 ==
{{Weather box|location = Tripoli (1961–1990, extremes 1944–1993)
|metric first = yes
|single line = yes
|Jan record high C = 32.2
|Feb record high C = 35.3
|Mar record high C = 40.0
|Apr record high C = 42.2
|May record high C = 45.6
|Jun record high C = 47.8
|Jul record high C = 48.3
|Aug record high C = 48.3
|Sep record high C = 47.2
|Oct record high C = 42.2
|Nov record high C = 37.2
|Dec record high C = 31.1
|year record high C = 48.3
|Jan high C = 17.9
|Feb high C = 19.1
|Mar high C = 20.7
|Apr high C = 23.7
|May high C = 27.1
|Jun high C = 30.4
|Jul high C = 31.7
|Aug high C = 32.6
|Sep high C = 31.0
|Oct high C = 27.7
|Nov high C = 23.3
|Dec high C = 19.3
|year high C = 25.4
|Jan mean C = 13.4
|Feb mean C = 14.3
|Mar mean C = 16.0
|Apr mean C = 18.7
|May mean C = 21.9
|Jun mean C = 25.3
|Jul mean C = 26.7
|Aug mean C = 27.7
|Sep mean C = 26.2
|Oct mean C = 22.9
|Nov mean C = 18.4
|Dec mean C = 14.6
|year mean C = 20.5
|Jan low C = 8.9
|Feb low C = 9.5
|Mar low C = 11.2
|Apr low C = 13.7
|May low C = 16.7
|Jun low C = 20.1
|Jul low C = 21.7
|Aug low C = 22.7
|Sep low C = 21.4
|Oct low C = 18.0
|Nov low C = 13.4
|Dec low C = 9.9
|year low C = 15.6
|Jan record low C = -0.6
|Feb record low C = -0.6
|Mar record low C = 0.6
|Apr record low C = 2.8
|May record low C = 5.0
|Jun record low C = 10.0
|Jul record low C = 12.2
|Aug record low C = 13.9
|Sep record low C = 11.8
|Oct record low C = 6.6
|Nov record low C = 1.1
|Dec record low C = -1.3
|year record low C = -1.3
|rain colour = green
|Jan rain mm = 62.1
|Feb rain mm = 32.2
|Mar rain mm = 29.6
|Apr rain mm = 14.3
|May rain mm = 4.6
|Jun rain mm = 1.3
|Jul rain mm = 0.7
|Aug rain mm = 0.1
|Sep rain mm = 16.7
|Oct rain mm = 46.6
|Nov rain mm = 58.2
|Dec rain mm = 67.5
|year rain mm = 333.9
|Jan rain days = 9.4
|Feb rain days = 6.4
|Mar rain days = 5.8
|Apr rain days = 3.3
|May rain days = 1.5
|Jun rain days = 0.6
|Jul rain days = 0.2
|Aug rain days = 0.0
|Sep rain days = 2.3
|Oct rain days = 6.8
|Nov rain days = 6.9
|Dec rain days = 9.1
|year rain days = 57.4
|unit rain days = 0.1 mm
|Jan humidity = 66
|Feb humidity = 61
|Mar humidity = 58
|Apr humidity = 55
|May humidity = 53
|Jun humidity = 49
|Jul humidity = 49
|Aug humidity = 51
|Sep humidity = 57
|Oct humidity = 60
|Nov humidity = 61
|Dec humidity = 65
|year humidity = 57
|Jan sun = 170.5
|Feb sun = 189.3
|Mar sun = 226.3
|Apr sun = 255.0
|May sun = 306.9
|Jun sun = 297.0
|Jul sun = 356.5
|Aug sun = 337.9
|Sep sun = 258.0
|Oct sun = 226.3
|Nov sun = 186.0
|Dec sun = 164.3
|year sun =
|Jand sun = 5.5
|Febd sun = 6.7
|Mard sun = 7.3
|Aprd sun = 8.5
|Mayd sun = 9.9
|Jund sun = 9.9
|Juld sun = 11.5
|Augd sun = 10.9
|Sepd sun = 8.6
|Octd sun = 7.3
|Novd sun = 6.2
|Decd sun = 5.3
|yeard sun = 8.1
|source 1 = [[World Meteorological Organization]]<ref name = wmo>{{cite web | url = http://worldweather.wmo.int/157/c01179.htm | title = World Weather Information Service – Tripoli | date = May 2011 | accessdate = 13 April 2013 | publisher = World Meteorological Organization}}</ref>
|source 2 = [[Deutscher Wetterdienst]] (extremes and humidity),<ref name = DWD>
{{cite web
| url = http://www.dwd.de/DWD/klima/beratung/ak/ak_620100_kt.pdf
| title = Klimatafel von Tripolis (Flugh.) / Libyen
| work = Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world
| publisher = Deutscher Wetterdienst
| language = German
| accessdate = 28 March 2016}}</ref> Arab Meteorology Book (sun only)<ref name=climate>{{cite web
| url = http://extras.springer.com/2007/978-1-4020-4577-6/Book_Shahin_ISBN_9781402045776_Appendix.pdf
| title = Appendix I: Meteorological Data
| publisher = Springer
| accessdate = 27 March 2016}}</ref>
|date=August 2011}}
 
== 자매결연도시 ==
== 참고 자료 ==
* {{글로벌세계대백과}}
 
== 각주 ==
{{각주}}
 
== 외부 링크 ==