"리마"의 두 판 사이의 차이

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잔글 ((GR) File renamed: File:Map of Metropolitan Lima.PNGFile:Map Districts of Lima Province Colors.png Criterion 2 (meaningless or ambiguous name) · nombre correcto del archivo)
 
남위 12도와 저위도인 해안 북쪽에서 유입되는 [[페루 해류]]의 영향으로 기온이 낮고, 가장 따뜻한 달인 2월에 22.5℃, 가장 추인 달인 8월에는 15℃를 기록한다. 흐린 날이 많지만, 해안 사막 지대(Costa)에 속해 연평균 강수량은 30mm 정도를 기록한다. 평균 기온은 18℃이며, 평균 습도는 87.1%이고, 겨울에는 매일 바다 안개가 끼며, 습도는 항상 100% 가까이 된다.
 
== 기후 ==
{{Weather box
|location = Lima ([[Jorge Chávez International Airport]]) 1961–1990, extremes 1960–present
|metric first = Y
|single line = Y
|Jan record high C = 32.7
|Feb record high C = 32.5
|Mar record high C = 33.4
|Apr record high C = 31.6
|May record high C = 30.3
|Jun record high C = 30.0
|Jul record high C = 28.3
|Aug record high C = 29.0
|Sep record high C = 28.0
|Oct record high C = 25.2
|Nov record high C = 29.0
|Dec record high C = 30.4
|year record high C = 33.4
|Jan high C = 26.1
|Feb high C = 26.8
|Mar high C = 26.3
|Apr high C = 24.5
|May high C = 22.0
|Jun high C = 20.1
|Jul high C = 19.1
|Aug high C = 18.8
|Sep high C = 19.1
|Oct high C = 20.3
|Nov high C = 22.1
|Dec high C = 24.4
|year high C = 22.5
|Jan mean C = 22.1
|Feb mean C = 22.7
|Mar mean C = 22.2
|Apr mean C = 20.6
|May mean C = 18.8
|Jun mean C = 17.5
|Jul mean C = 16.7
|Aug mean C = 16.2
|Sep mean C = 16.4
|Oct mean C = 17.3
|Nov mean C = 18.7
|Dec mean C = 20.7
|year mean C = 19.2
|Jan low C = 19.4
|Feb low C = 19.8
|Mar low C = 19.5
|Apr low C = 17.9
|May low C = 16.4
|Jun low C = 15.6
|Jul low C = 15.2
|Aug low C = 14.9
|Sep low C = 14.9
|Oct low C = 15.5
|Nov low C = 16.6
|Dec low C = 18.2
|year low C = 17.2
|Jan record low C = 12.0
|Feb record low C = 15.0
|Mar record low C = 11.0
|Apr record low C = 10.0
|May record low C = 8.0
|Jun record low C = 10.0
|Jul record low C = 8.9
|Aug record low C = 10.0
|Sep record low C = 12.5
|Oct record low C = 11.0
|Nov record low C = 11.1
|Dec record low C = 13.9
|year record low C = 8.0
|precipitation colour = green
|Jan precipitation mm = 0.8
|Feb precipitation mm = 0.4
|Mar precipitation mm = 0.4
|Apr precipitation mm = 0.1
|May precipitation mm = 0.3
|Jun precipitation mm = 0.7
|Jul precipitation mm = 1.0
|Aug precipitation mm = 1.5
|Sep precipitation mm = 0.7
|Oct precipitation mm = 0.2
|Nov precipitation mm = 0.1
|Dec precipitation mm = 0.2
|year precipitation mm = 6.4
|unit precipitation days = 0.1 mm
|Jan precipitation days = 0.7
|Feb precipitation days = 0.7
|Mar precipitation days = 0.7
|Apr precipitation days = 0.3
|May precipitation days = 1.1
|Jun precipitation days = 2.3
|Jul precipitation days = 3.0
|Aug precipitation days = 4.1
|Sep precipitation days = 3.1
|Oct precipitation days = 1.2
|Nov precipitation days = 0.4
|Dec precipitation days = 0.5
|year precipitation days = 18.2
|Jan humidity = 81.6
|Feb humidity = 82.1
|Mar humidity = 82.7
|Apr humidity = 85.0
|May humidity = 85.1
|Jun humidity = 85.1
|Jul humidity = 84.8
|Aug humidity = 84.8
|Sep humidity = 85.5
|Oct humidity = 83.5
|Nov humidity = 82.1
|Dec humidity = 81.5
|year humidity= 82.8
|Jan sun = 179.1
|Feb sun = 169.0
|Mar sun = 139.2
|Apr sun = 184.0
|May sun = 116.4
|Jun sun = 50.6
|Jul sun = 28.6
|Aug sun = 32.3
|Sep sun = 37.3
|Oct sun = 65.3
|Nov sun = 89.0
|Dec sun = 139.2
|source 1 = [[Deutscher Wetterdienst]],<ref name = DWD>
{{cite web
| url = http://www.dwd.de/DWD/klima/beratung/ak/ak_846280_kt.pdf
| title = Klimatafel von Lima-Callao (Int. Flugh.) / Peru
| work = Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world
| publisher = Deutscher Wetterdienst
| language = German
| accessdate = November 18, 2016}}</ref> Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)<ref name = meteoclimat>
{{cite web
| url = http://meteo-climat-bzh.dyndns.org/index.php?page=stati&id=1871
| title = Station Jorge Chavez
| publisher = Météo Climat
| language = French
| accessdate = June 27, 2017}}</ref>
|source 2 = Universidad Complutense de Madrid (sunshine and humidity)<ref name=Molina/>
|date=August 2010}}
 
== 주민 ==