폴 모피: 두 판 사이의 차이

578 바이트 제거됨 ,  11개월 전
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'''폴 모피'''([[1837년]] [[6월 22일]] ~ [[1884년]] [[7월 10일]])는 [[미국]]의 [[체스]] 선수 및 [[변호사]]였다. 살아있던 당시 최고의 선수로 여겨졌다. [[뉴올리언즈]]에서 태어나고 사망했다.
 
22세에 체스에서 은퇴하고 법 쪽에서의 커리어를 시작했다.<ref>{{cite journal | author = Kurtz, Michael L.| year = 1993 | title = Paul Morphy: Louisiana's Chess Champion | journal = Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association | volume = 43 | issue = 2 | pages = 175–199 |jstor=4233011 | quote = (...) in 1858 and 1859, returning to America as the unofficial but universally acknowledged chess champion of the world. Then, just as suddenly, Morphy retired from active chess competition}}</ref><ref>{{cite book | author = Gobet, Fernand | year = 2018 | title = The Psychology of Chess | publisher = [[Routledge]] |quote = After his return to Louisiana in 1859 at the age of 22, he totally stopped playing chess. | page = [https://books.google.com/books?id=WmNwDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT131 ]}}</ref><ref name="Alt URL">{{cite web|url=http://chess.eusa.ed.ac.uk/Chess/Trivia/Fishers10.html|title=Fischer's Top 10|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090206215606/http://chess.eusa.ed.ac.uk/Chess/Trivia/Fishers10.html|archive-date=6 February 2009|df=dmy-all|quote=As is well known, Morphy gave up the game in 1859.}} [https://www.chesshistory.com/winter/extra/fischer4.html Alt URL]</ref><ref name="Paul Morphy Timeline">{{cite web|url=http://www.edochess.ca/batgirl/Timeline.html|title=Paul Morphy Timeline|website=edochess.ca}}</ref> Morphy never established a successful law practice, however, and ultimately lived a life of idleness, living on his family's fortune.<ref>{{cite journal | author = Kurtz, Michael L.| year = 1993 | title = Paul Morphy: Louisiana's Chess Champion | journal = Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association | volume = 43 | issue = 2 | pages = 175–199 |jstor=4233011 | quote = (...) Then, just as suddenly, Morphy retired from active chess competition, spending the remainding of his life futifuly trying to establish a law practice in New Orleans}}</ref> 하지만 변호사로 성공하지 못했고 가족의 도움을 받아 생활했다.<ref>{{cite journal | author = Kurtz, Michael L.| year = 1993 | title = Paul Morphy: Louisiana's Chess Champion | journal = Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association | volume = 43 | issue = 2 | pages = 175–199 |jstor=4233011 | quote = (...) Then, just as suddenly, Morphy retired from active chess competition, spending the remainding of his life futifuly trying to establish a law practice in New Orleans}}</ref>
 
== 각주 ==