주 메뉴 열기

바뀜

잔글
편집 요약 없음
===The arrival of true digital cameras===
[[File:Capas-d1.jpg|thumb|Nikon D1 digital camera of 1999]]
The first true digital camera that recorded images as a computerized file was likely the [[Fujifilm|Fuji]] [[DS-1P]] of 1988, which recorded to a 16 MB internal memory card that used a battery to keep the data in memory. This camera was never marketed in the United States, and has not been confirmed to have shipped even in Japan.
 
The first commercially available digital camera was the 1990 Dycam Model&nbsp;1; it also sold as the [[Logitech]] Fotoman. It used a CCD [[image sensor]], stored pictures digitally, and connected directly to a computer for download.<ref>{{cite web | title = 1990 | work = DigiCam History Dot Com | url = http://www.digicamhistory.com/1990.html | accessdate = 2007-09-17}}</ref><ref>{{cite web | title = Dycam Model 1: The world's first consumer digital still camera | work = DigiBarn computer museum | url = http://www.digibarn.com/collections/cameras/dycam-model1/index.html}}</ref><ref>Carolyn Said, "DYCAM Model 1: The first portable Digital Still Camera", ''MacWeek'', vol. 4, No. 35, Oct. 16, 1990, p. 34.</ref>
 
In 1991, Kodak brought to market the [[Kodak DCS-100]], the beginning of a long line of professional [[Kodak DCS]] SLR cameras that were based in part on film bodies, often Nikons. It used a 1.3&nbsp;megapixel sensor and was priced at $13,000.
 
The move to digital formats was helped by the formation of the first [[JPEG]] and [[MPEG]] standards in 1988, which allowed image and video files to be compressed for storage. The first consumer camera with a liquid crystal display on the back was the [[Casio]] [[QV-10]] in 1995, and the first camera to use [[CompactFlash]] was the [[Kodak DC-25]] in 1996.
 
The marketplace for consumer digital cameras was originally low resolution (either analog or digital) cameras built for utility. In 1997 the first megapixel cameras for consumers were marketed. The first camera that offered the ability to record [[video]] clips may have been the [[Ricoh RDC-1]] in 1995.
 
1999 saw the introduction of the [[Nikon D1]], a 2.74&nbsp;megapixel camera that was the first [[digital SLR]] developed entirely by a major manufacturer, and at a cost of under $6,000 at introduction was affordable by professional photographers and high end consumers. This camera also used Nikon F-mount lenses, which meant film photographers could use many of the same lenses they already owned.
 
 
===Digitality===
[[File:IMG 0575.JPG|thumb|right|A handheld [[digital camera]], [[Canon Ixus]] class.]]