그리스주의 (신고전주의)

유럽 르네상스 이후 생긴 신고전주의의 다른 로마나 그리스-로마 양식과 구별된 운동인, 그리스주의는 가장 자주 18세기와 19세기 독일과 잉글랜드와 연결되는 것이다. 독일에서, 운동 속에서 가장 중요했던 인물은, 조각 속 그리스의 이상의 통설과 처음으로 연결한 미술사이자 미학 이론가인, 요한 요아힘 빙켈만이었다 (하지만 그는 그리스 동상의 로마 사본만을 조사했고, 그리스에 발을 들이기 전에 살해되었다). 빙켈만을 들어 그리스 예술의 본질은 종종 강렬한 감정이나 환난의 순간을 대표하는 조각에 요약되어 고귀하게 단순하면서 조용하게 웅장했다. 다른 주요 인물은 헤겔, 슐레겔 셸링실러가 포함된다.

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