동인 이론

(동인이론에서 넘어옴)

심리학에서 충동론 또는 동인이론(drive theory)[1]는 심리적 동인이나 충동을 해석 또는 설명 또는 분석하거나 분류하기 위해 정의를 시도하는 이론이다. 충동은 "항상성 교란에 의해 생성된 흥분 상태"[2]이며, 각각의 동작을 구동하는 에너지가 본능적으로 필요하다.[3] 한편 사회심리학(social psychology)에서는 사회인지(Social cognition)로서 동인(動因,motive)을 동기부여(motivation)와 관련하여 정의한다.[4][5][6][7][8]

출처 편집

  1. Mélon, Jean (1996), Notes on the History of the Szondi Movement (French original). Text for the Szondi Congress of Cracow, August 1996.
  2. Seward, J. (1956). drive, incentive, and reinforcement. Psychological Review, 63, 19-203. [1] Archived 2020년 7월 26일 - 웨이백 머신
  3. Leopold Szondi (1972), Lehrbuch der Experimentellen Triebdiagnostik p.25 quotation:

    Abschnitt I Trieblehre, Kapitel I Das Menschliche Triebsystem.

    Triebe sind Radikale der menschlichen Handlungen und Verhaltungen. Sie sind die bedingenden und erhaltenden Wurzeln des menschlichen Daseins überhaupt.

  4. [참고](Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes Volume 38, Issue 2, October 1986, Pages 230-256, Psychological sources of ambiguity avoidance,Shawn P. Curley, J.Frank Yates,Richard A Abrams DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978(86)90018-X )https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/074959788690018X
  5. [참고]( Human Inference: Strategies and Shortcomings of Social Judgment,Richard E. Nisbett & Lee Ross,Prentice-Hall (1980) https://philpapers.org/rec/NISHIS
  6. [참고]Social Psychology - Elliot Aronson,Timothy D. Wilson,Samuel R. Sommers ,10th , Pearson
  7. [참고](Social Cognition: From Brains to Culture - 2nd Edition Susan Fiske , Shelley E. Taylor ISBN-13: 978-1446258156 ) https://books.google.co.kr/books/about/Social_Cognition.html?id=FYth8i4Zg78C&redir_esc=y
  8. [참고](Markus, H., & Zajonc, R. B. (1985). The cognitive perspective in social psychology. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology (3rd Ed., pp. 137-230). New York: Random House. ) https://www.scirp.org/(S(351jmbntvnsjt1aadkposzje))/reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=944050