사용자:Aspere/번역장1

우미카제급 구축함
1926년 오미나토에서의 야마카제.
1926년 오미나토에서의 야마카제.
개요
함종 구축함
함급명 우미카제
제작자 마이즈루 해군 공창
미쓰비시 나가사키
운용자 일본 제국 일본 제국 해군
이전 함급 가미카제급
다음 함급 사쿠라급
진수일 1910년 10월 10일
취역일 1911년 9월 28일
해제일 1930년 6월 1일
제작수 2
운용수 2
특징
유형 구축함
배수량 1,030 롱톤 (1,050 t) normal
1,150 롱톤 (1,170 t)
전장 94.5 m (310 ft) (수선 간)
98.5 m (323 ft)
선폭 8.6 m (28 ft)
흘수 2.7 m (8.9 ft)
추진 3-shaft Parsons steam turbine, 8 boilers, 20,500 ihp (15,300 kW)
속력 33 노트 (61 km/h)
항속거리 11 kn (20 km/h) 기준 850 nmi (1,570 km)
승조원 141 명
무장 120 mm/40 cal 함포 2문
80 mm/40 cal 함포 5문
450 mm 어뢰 2문

우미카제급 구축함(海風型駆逐艦 (うみかぜかたくちくかん) 우미카제카타 쿠치쿠칸[*])은 일본 제국 해군의 1등 구축함으로, They were the first large destroyers designed for open ocean service to be built in Japan.[1]

배경편집

 
1911년 나가사키 조선소에서의 야마카제.

우미카제급 구축함은 러일 전쟁 이후 일본 제국 해군이 당시 보유한 구축함이 모두 The Umikaze-class destroyers were designed after the Russo-Japanese War, as the Imperial Japanese Navy realized that the vessels in its current fleet of destroyers were too small and poorly designed for extended "blue water" operation.[2]

Two vessels were built, based largely on British designs, one at Maizuru Naval Arsenal and the other at the Mitsubishi shipyards in Nagasaki.[3]

Design편집

The Umikaze-class ships were based largely on the Royal Navy 틀:Sclass2- destroyers. In terms of displacement, each vessel was almost three times larger than the previous destroyers in the Japanese Navy.

Externally, the design retained the four-smokestacks of the Ikazuchi class, however, internally the coal-fired triple expansion steam engines, were replaced with heavy oil-fired Parsons steam turbine engines, which was a first for Japan. The rated power of 20,500 shp gave the vessels a high speed of 33 노트 (61 km/h), however fuel consumption severely limited range.

Armament was increased over the previous classes, with a pair of QF 4.7 inch Gun Mk I - IV guns, with one gun mounted on a small shelter forward and another on the quarterdeck and five QF 3 inch 12 pounder guns mounted staggered to port and starboard.[4] The number of torpedoes was initially three in unreloadable tubes; but this was quickly changed to two in reloadable tubes in operational service.

Operational history편집

The Umikaze-class destroyers proved to be largely experimental ships. The use of Parsons steam turbines pushed the design to the limits of capability of contemporary engineering and production technology, and the engines were plagued with maintenance issues, as well as tremendous fuel consumption. In an effort to reduce running expenses and to increase range, the boilers were modified from all heavy oil to two heavy oil and four coal-fired boilers. Even with the modification, the Umikaze vessels were largely retained for coastal patrol duties.

The Umikaze ships were rated at first-class destroyers on 28 August 1912, and served to 1 June 1930 when both were converted to minesweepers. Both were subsequently scrapped in 1936.[5]

함선 목록편집

함명 건조소 기공일 진수일 취역일 퇴역
우미카제 海風 (うみかぜ) 마이즈루 해군 공창 1909년 11월 23일 1910년 10월 10일 1911년 9월 28일 1930년 6월 1일부터 소해정으로서 운용, 1936년 4월 1일 퇴역.
야마카제 山風 (やまかぜ) 미쓰비시 중공업 나가사키 조선소 1910년 6월 1일 1911년 1월 21일 1911년 10월 21일

각주편집

  1. Jentsura, Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945.
  2. Evans, Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887–1941.
  3. Howarth, The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun.
  4. Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy
  5. Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy

참고 문헌편집

  • Evans, David (1979). 《Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887-1941》. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-192-7. 
  • Howarth, Stephen (1983). 《The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895-1945》. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8. 
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). 《Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945》. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. 

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