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'''신의 저항군'''(神의 抵抗軍, {{lang|en|Lord's Resistance Army; '''LRA'''}}) 또는 '''주의 저항군'''(主의 抵抗軍)은 [[우간다]] 북부 및 [[남수단]]에서 활동하는 기독교 근본주의 군사집단으로,<ref>Human Rights Watch report, Children Abducted by the Lord's Resistance Army in Uganda (1997), p. 61</ref> 일종의 [[신흥종교]] 내지 [[사이비종교]]의 성격을 띠고 있다. 수괴는 [[조지프 코니]]이다. 본래 이름은 '''연합신성구세군'''(聯合神聖救世軍, United Holy Salvation Army) 또는 '''우간다 기독군'''(우간다 基督軍, Uganda Christian Army)이었으며, 우간다를 [[기독교]]의 [[십계명]]에 따라 다스리는 것을 목표 강령으로 삼는다.<ref>http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2011/10/2011101418364196576.html</ref>
 
2005년부터 이 집단이 [[콩고 민주 콩고에도공화국]]에도 들어왔다는 주장들이 제기되어 왔으며, 2007년부터는 중아공에서도[[중앙아프리카 공화국]]에서도 목격담이 보고되었다.<ref>{{웹 인용|url=http://www.start.umd.edu/start/data_collections/tops/terrorist_organization_profile.asp?id=3513 |title=Terrorist Organization Profile: Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) |publisher=National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism, University of Maryland |accessdate=16 October 2011}}</ref> LRA는 [[살인]], [[유괴]], [[신체훼손]], [[성노예]], [[소년병]] 등 각종 반인권반[[인권]] 범죄를 저지른 혐의를 받고 있다.<ref name=warrants>International Criminal Court (14 October 2005). ''[https://web.archive.org/web/20110616142249/http://www.icc-cpi.int/menus/icc/situations%20and%20cases/situations/situation%20icc%200204/related%20cases/icc%200204%200105/press%20releases/warrant%20of%20arrest%20unsealed%20against%20five%20lra%20commanders Warrant of Arrest unsealed against five LRA Commanders]''. Retrieved 2 June 2009.</ref><ref>{{웹 인용 |url=http://www.royalafricansociety.org/articles-by-richard-dowden/261.html |title=Court threatens to block cannibal cult's peace offer |author=Richard Dowden |publisher=Royal African Society |accessdate=5 January 2011 |보존url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120121040150/http://www.royalafricansociety.org/articles-by-richard-dowden/261.html |보존날짜=2012년 01월 21일 |깨진링크=예 }}</ref>
 
LRA는 본래 [[우간다 국민저항군]](NRA)이 정권을 잡아 정부군 역할을 하게 된 [[우간다 인민방위군]](UPDF)에 반대하기 위해 조직된 조직이었다. 우간다 정부군인 NRA/UPDF 역시 광범위한 살인, 강간, 약탈에 대한 혐의를 받고 있는 조직이다.<ref>{{웹 인용|url= http://www.refworld.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/rwmain?page=topic&tocid=463af2212&toid=469f2f892&publisher=&type=&coi=BDI&docid=3ae6ad345c&skip=0|title=Uganda,What is the present government attitude and treatment of members of Acholi tribe|accessdate=29 April 2013}}</ref><ref>{{웹 인용|url= http://www.musevenimemo.org/|title=Museveni Memo|accessdate=29 April 2013}}</ref> 2006년 6월, 유엔의[[유엔]]의 아동 특별 대리인 라디카 쿠마라솨미(Radhika Coomaraswamy)는 우간다 정부군에서 5000명 이상의 아동을 징집해 갔음을 밝혀냈다.<ref>{{웹 인용|url= http://www.irinnews.org/Report/59296/UGANDA-Interview-with-Radhika-Coomaraswamy-special-representative-for-children-and-armed-conflict| title=Uganda interview with Radhika Coomaraswamy |accessdate=12 March 2013}}</ref>
 
LRA의 이념은 [[아프리카 토착종교]]의 신비주의와 [[기독교 근본주의]]가 혼합된 것이다.<ref>{{서적 인용|이탤릭체=예|title=The Scars of Death: Children Abducted by the Lord's Resistance Army in Uganda |year= 1997 |publisher=Human Rights Watch |isbn=9781564312211|pages=32, 72 |url=http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=7u593EKw-ngC&q=islam#v=snippet&q=islam&f=false |accessdate=25 April 2012}}</ref><ref name="afraf.oxfordjournals.org">{{웹 인용|first1=Ruddy|last1=Doom|first2=Koen|last2=Vlassenroot|url=http://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/98/390/5 |title=The Lord's Resistance Army in Northern Uganda|publisher=Afraf.oxfordjournals.org|date=1 January 1999|accessdate=16 October 2011}}</ref><ref name="community.seattletimes.nwsource.com">{{뉴스 인용|last=Drogin |first=Bob |url=http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=19960401&slug=2321945 |title=Christian Cult Killing, Ravaging In New Uganda |publisher=Community.seattletimes.nwsource.com |date=1 April 1996 |accessdate=13 March 2013}}</ref><ref name="cesnur.org">{{웹 인용|author=MoreOrLess |url=http://www.cesnur.org/testi/uganda_004.htm |title=Ten Commandments of God: Mass Suicide in Uganda |publisher=Cesnur.org |accessdate=13 March 2013}}</ref><ref name="entertainment.timesonline.co.uk">{{뉴스 인용| url=http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/non-fiction/article3449276.ece |location=London |work=The Times|title=The Wizard of the Nile The Hunt for Africas Most Wanted by Matthew Green |first=Christina | last=Lamb | date=2 March 2008}}</ref><ref name="nytimes.com">{{뉴스 인용|url=http://www.nytimes.com/1997/03/05/world/christian-rebels-wage-a-war-of-terror-in-uganda.html |work=The New York Times|title=Christian Rebels Wage a War of Terror in Uganda| first=James C.|last=McKinley Jr|date=5 March 1997}}</ref><ref name="guardian.co.uk">{{뉴스 인용| url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/mar/13/uganda.internationalcrime |location=London |work=The Guardian | title=Museveni refuses to hand over rebel leaders to war crimes court | first=Chris | last=McGreal | date=13 March 2008}}</ref><ref name="washingtonpost.com">{{뉴스 인용| url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/03/18/AR2008031803054.html | work=The Washington Post | title=Ugandan Rebel Reaches Out to International Court | first=Nora | last=Boustany | date=19 March 2008}}</ref><ref name='Haynes'>{{서적 인용|last = Haynes|first = Jeffrey|title = Politics in the developing world|publisher = Wiley-Blackwell|year = 2002|page = 121|isbn = 978-0-631-22556-0 }}</ref><ref name='gpf'>{{웹 인용|url=http://www.globalpolicy.org/intljustice/wanted/2004/1231mystic.htm |title=The End of Uganda's Mystic Rebel? |accessdate=4 March 2009 |last=McLaughlin |first=Abraham |date=31 December 2004 |work=Christian Science Monitor |publisher=[[Global Policy Forum]] }}</ref><ref name='gmu'>{{저널 인용|이탤릭체=예|title=Child Soldiers in the Lord’s Resistance Army: Factors in the Rehabilitation and Reintegration Process|journal=George Mason University|date=8 May 2008|first=Rachel|last=Muth|page=23|id= |url=http://hdl.handle.net/1920/3005|accessdate=4 March 2009 }}{{깨진 링크|date=June 2010}}</ref> LRA는 십계명과 아콜리족 전통에 따르는 신정국가를 수립하겠다고 주장하고 있다.<ref name="aa">{{저널 인용|이탤릭체=예|journal=African Affairs|volume=98|issue=390|pages=5–36|author=Ruddy Doom and Koen Vlassenroot|year=1999|publisher=Oxford Journals / Royal African Society|title=Kony's message: A new Koine? The Lord's Resistance Army in northern Uganda|doi=10.1093/oxfordjournals.afraf.a008002}}</ref><ref name=autogenerated2>{{서적 인용|이탤릭체=예| last = Martin | first = Gus | title = Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues | publisher = SAGE | year = 2006 | pages = 196–197 | url = | id = | isbn = 978-1-4129-2722-2 }}</ref><ref name="irininterview">[http://www.irinnews.org/InDepthMain.aspx?InDepthId=58&ReportId=72472 "Interview with Vincent Otti, LRA second in command"] and [http://www.irinnews.org/InDepthMain.aspx?InDepthId=58&ReportId=72445 " A leadership based on claims of divine revelations"] in ''[[IRIN]] In Depth'', June 2007</ref>

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