하플로그룹 B (Y-DNA)

하플로그룹 B (Y-DNA)인류 Y-염색체 DNA 하플로그룹의 일종으로, 하플로그룹 BT로부터 나왔다.

분포편집

아프리카, 그 중에도 특히 서부·중앙 아프리카에 많이 분포해 있다.

  • Shilluk people (남수단) 27%[5]
  • Burunge people (탄자니아) 25%[4]
  • Ngumba language (카메룬) 23%[2]-33%[1]
  • Eviya people (가봉) 21%[1]
  • Fali people (카메룬) 18%[6]
  • Sotho–Tswana (남아프리카) 18%[2]
  • Eshira people (가봉) 17%[1]
  • Shake people (가봉) 16%[1]

계통수편집

  • B
    • B-M60 (M60, M181, P85, P90)
      • B-M236 (M236, M288)
        • B-M236 (M236)
      • B-M182 (M182)
        • B-M150 (M150)
          • B-M218 (M218)
            • B-M109 (M109, M152, P32)
            • B-G1 (G1)
          • B-M108.1 (M108.1)
            • B-P111 (P111, M43)
        • B-M112 (M112, M192, 50f2(P))
          • B-P6 (P6)
          • B-M115 (M115, M169)
          • B-M30 (M30, M129)
            • B-M108.2 (M108.2)
          • B-P7 (P7)
            • B-P8 (P8, P70)
            • B-MSY2.1 (MSY2.1, M211)
        • B-P112 (P112)

[7]

더 보기편집

인류 Y-염색체 DNA (Y-DNA) 하플로그룹 계보

Y-염색체 아담
A
A1b A1a-T
A1a A2-T
A2 A3 BT
B CT
DE CF
D E C F
G H IJK
IJ K
I J LT K(xLT)
I1 I2 J1 J2 L T M NO P S
O N Q R
O1 O2 R1 R2
O1a O1b R1a R1b
O1b1 O1b2

인구에 따른 Y 염색체 하플로그룹 · 역사적 인물들의 하플로그룹 목록

각주편집

  1. Gemma Berniell-Lee, Francesc Calafell, Elena Bosch et al., "Genetic and demographic implications of the Bantu expansion: insights from human paternal lineages," Molecular Biology and Evolution Advance Access published April 15, 2009
  2. Elizabeth T Wood, Daryn A Stover, Christopher Ehret et al., "Contrasting patterns of Y chromosome and mtDNA variation in Africa: evidence for sex-biased demographic processes," European Journal of Human Genetics (2005) 13, 867–876. (cf. Appendix A: Y Chromosome Haplotype Frequencies)
  3. Alec Knight, Peter A. Underhill, Holly M. Mortensen et al., "African Y Chromosome and mtDNA Divergence Provides Insight into the History of Click Languages," Current Biology, Vol. 13, 464–473 (March 18, 2003).
  4. Sarah A. Tishkoff, Mary Katherine Gonder, Brenna M. Henn et al. (2007), "History of Click-Speaking Populations of Africa Inferred from mtDNA and Y Chromosome Genetic Variation," Molecular Biology and Evolution 24 (10) : 2180–2195. doi:10.1093/molbev/msm155
  5. Hisham Y. Hassan, Peter A. Underhill, Luca L. Cavalli-Sforza, and Muntaser E. Ibrahim, "Y-Chromosome Variation Among Sudanese: Restricted Gene Flow, Concordance With Language, Geography, and History," American Journal of Physical Anthropology (2008).
  6. Fulvio Cruciani, Piero Santolamazza, Peidong Shen et al., "A Back Migration from Asia to Sub-Saharan Africa Is Supported by High-Resolution Analysis of Human Y-Chromosome Haplotypes," American Journal of Human Genetics 70:1197–1214, 2002.
  7. Karafet TM, Mendez FL, Meilerman MB, Underhill PA, Zegura SL, Hammer MF (2008). “New binary polymorphisms reshape and increase resolution of the human Y chromosomal haplogroup tree”. 《Genome Research》 18 (5): 830–8. doi:10.1101/gr.7172008. PMC 2336805. PMID 18385274.