우산잔디족

우산잔디족(雨傘--族, 학명: Cynodonteae 키노돈테아이[*])은 나도바랭이아과이다.[1] 800종 이상을 포함하고 있다.[2][3][4][5] 나도바랭이아과에 속하는 다른 식물들처럼, 우산잔디족 종들도 온난, 건조 기후 지역에 적응해 진화했다. 모두 C4 광합성 식물이다.

Infobox plantae.png
우산잔디족
Couch grass (3437031055).jpg
우산잔디(Cynodon dactylon)
생물 분류생물 분류 읽는 법
계: 식물계
(미분류): 속씨식물군
(미분류): 외떡잎식물군
(미분류): 닭의장풀군
목: 벼목
과: 벼과
아과: 나도바랭이아과
족: 우산잔디족
Cynodonteae
Dumort., 1824
모식속
우산잔디속(Cynodon Rich.)

하위 분류편집

갯잠자리피아족(Tripogoninae Stapf)[6]
  • 갯잠자리피속(Tripogon Roem. & Schult.)
  • Desmostachya (Stapf) Stapf
  • Eragrostiella Bor
  • Melanocenchris Nees
  • Oropetium Trin.
  • Tripogonella P.M.Peterson & Romasch.
고우이니아아족(Gouiniinae P.M.Peterson & Columbus)[7]
  • 고우이니아속(Gouinia E.Fourn. ex Benth. & Hook.f.)
  • Schenckochloa J.J.Ortíz
  • Tridentopsis P.M.Peterson
  • Triplasiella P.M.Peterson & Romasch.
  • Triplasis P.Beauv.
  • Vaseyochloa Hitchc.
디스티클리스아족(Monanthochloinae Pilg. ex Potztal)[8]
보우텔로바아족(Boutelouinae Stapf)[9]
스클레로포곤아족(Scleropogoninae Pilg.)[10]
  • 스클레로포곤속(Scleropogon Phil.)
  • Blepharidachne Hack.
  • Erioneuron Nash
  • Munroa Torr.
  • Swallenia Soderstr. & H.F.Decker
아일루로푸스아족(Aeluropodinae P.M.Peterson)[11]
오르쿠티아아족(Orcuttiinae P.M.Peterson & Columbus)[12]
오리누스아족(Orininae P.M.Peterson & Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[13]
왕바랭이아족(Eleusininae Dumort.)[14]
  • 갯드렁새속(Diplachne P.Beauv.)
  • 나도바랭이속(Chloris Sw.)
  • 드렁새속(Leptochloa P.Beauv.)
  • 왕바랭이속(Eleusine Gaertn.)
  • 우산잔디속(Cynodon Rich.)
  • Afrotrichloris Chiov.
  • Apochiton C.E.Hubb.
  • Astrebla F.Muell.
  • Austrochloris Lazarides
  • Chrysochloa Swallen
  • Coelachyrum Hochst. & Nees
  • × Cynochloris Clifford & Everist
  • Daknopholis Clayton
  • Dinebra Jacq.
  • Disakisperma Steud.
  • Enteropogon Nees
  • Eustachys Desv.
  • Harpochloa Kunth
  • Lepturus R.Br.
  • Micrachne P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera
  • Microchloa R.Br.
  • Oxychloris Lazarides
  • Pommereulla L.f.
  • Rheochloa Filg., P.M.Peterson & Y.Herrera
  • Schoenefeldia Kunth
  • Sclerodactylon Stapf
  • Stapfochloa H.Scholz
  • Tetrapogon Desf.
자키카아족(Zaqiqahinae P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[15]
쥐꼬리새아족(Muhlenbergiinae Pilg.)[16]
지네발새아족(Dactylocteniinae P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[17]
  • 지네발새속(Dactyloctenium Willd.)
  • Acrachne Wight & Arn. ex Chiov.
  • Brachychloa S.M.Phillips
  • Neobouteloua Gould
크테니움아족(Cteniinae P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[18]
트라구스아족(Traginae P.M.Peterson & Columbus)[19]
  • 트라구스속(Tragus Haller)
  • Monelytrum Hack.
  • Orthacanthus P.M.Peterson & Romasch.
  • Pogononeura Napper
  • Polevansia De Winter
  • Willkommia Hack.
트리오디아아족(Triodiinae Benth.)[20]
트리코네우라아족(Trichoneurinae P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[21]
파라고아족(Farragininae P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[22]
파포포룸아족(Pappophorinae Dumort.)[23]
  • 파포포룸속(Pappophorum Schreb.)
  • Neesiochloa Pilg.
  • Tridens Roem. & Schult.
페로티스아족(Perotidinae P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[24]
  • 페로티스속(Perotis Aiton)
  • Mosdenia Stent
  • Trigonochloa P.M.Peterson & N.Snow
후바르도클로아아족(Hubbardochloinae Auquier)[25]
  • 후바르도클로아속(Hubbardochloa Auquier)
  • Bewsia Gooss.
  • Dignathia Stapf
  • Gymnopogon P.Beauv.
  • Leptocarydion Hochst. ex Stapf
  • Leptothrium Kunth
  • Lophacme Stapf
힐라리아아족(Hilariinae P.M.Peterson & Columbus)[26]
분류 불확실(incertae sedis)
  • Allolepis Soderstr. & H.F.Decker
  • Halopyrum Stapf
  • Jouvea E.Fourn.
  • Kalinia H.L.Bell & Columbus
  • Kampochloa Clayton
  • Lepturidium Hitchc. & Ekman
  • Sohnsia Airy Shaw
  • Vietnamochloa Veldkamp & R.Nowack

계통 분류편집

계통 분류는 다음과 같다.[27]

PACMAD 분지군

아리스티다아과




기장아과





물대아과



미크라이라아과





꼬인새풀아과


나도바랭이아과

켄트로포디아족




트리라피스족




참새그령족




우산잔디족



잔디족










각주편집

  1. Dumortier, Barthélemy Charles Joseph. Observations sur les Graminées de la Flore Belgique 83, 90, 140. 1824.
  2. Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Zuloaga, Fernando O.; Judziewicz, Emmet J.; Filgueiras, Tarciso S.; Davis, Jerrold I.; Morrone, Osvaldo (2015). “A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae)”. 《Journal of Systematics and Evolution》 53 (2): 117–137. doi:10.1111/jse.12150. ISSN 1674-4918. 
  3. Peterson, PM; Romaschenko, K; Johnson, G (September 2010). “A phylogeny and classification of the Muhlenbergiinae (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences.”. 《American journal of botany》 97 (9): 1532–54. PMID 21616906. 
  4. Peterson, PM; Romaschenko, K; Johnson, G (May 2010). “A classification of the Chloridoideae (Poaceae) based on multi-gene phylogenetic trees.”. 《Molecular phylogenetics and evolution》 55 (2): 580–98. PMID 20096795. 
  5. Hilu, Khidir; Alice, Lawrence (April 2001). “A Phylogeny of Chloridoideae (Poaceae) Based on matK Sequences”. 《Systematic Botany》 26 (2): 386–405. 2015년 12월 24일에 확인함. 
  6. Stapf, Otto. Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 22. 1917.
  7. Peterson, Paul M. & Columbus, James Travis. Aliso 23: 592. 2007.
  8. Pilger, Robert Knud Friedrich. Willdenowia 5(3): 472. 1969.
  9. Stapf, Otto. Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 22. 1917.
  10. Pilger, Robert Knud Friedrich. Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, Zweite Auflage 14d: 167, 49. 1956.
  11. Peterson, Paul M.. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55(2): 591. 2010.
  12. Peterson, Paul M. & Columbus, James Travis. Aliso 23: 592. 2007.
  13. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 65(6): 1277. 2016.
  14. Dumortier, Barthélemy Charles Joseph. Analyse des Familles des Plantes 63. 1829.
  15. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 65(6): 1279. 2016.
  16. Pilger, Robert Knud Friedrich. Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, Zweite Auflage 14d: 168, 67. 1956.
  17. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 65(6): 1276. 2016.
  18. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 63(2): 283. 2014.
  19. Peterson, Paul M. & Columbus, James Travis. Aliso 23: 592. 2007.
  20. Bentham, George. Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 19: 30. 1881.
  21. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 63(2): 284. 2014.
  22. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 63(2): 283. 2014.
  23. Dumortier, Barthélemy Charles Joseph. Analyse des Familles des Plantes 63. 1829.
  24. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 63(2): 284. 2014.
  25. Auquier, Paul Henri. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 50: 246. 1980.
  26. Peterson, Paul M. & Columbus, James Travis. Aliso 23: 592. 2007.
  27. Grass Phylogeny Working Group II (2012). “New grass phylogeny resolves deep evolutionary relationships and discovers C4 origins”. 《New Phytologist》 193 (2): 304–312. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03972.x. PMID 22115274.