머스터드 황

(머스터드 가스에서 넘어옴)

머스터드 황(sulfur mustard, sulphur mustards[2], 설파 머스터드) 또는 머스터드 가스, 겨자탄(mustard gas)이란 세포독성, 수포성, 화학전 약품이다. 피부에 노출되면 커다란 물집이 잡힐 수 있다.

머스터드 황
Sulfur-mustard-2D-skeletal.png
Sulfur-mustard-3D-balls.png
Sulfur-mustard-3D-vdW.png
이름
우선명 (PIN)
1-Chloro-2-[(2-chloroethyl)sulfanyl]ethane
별칭
Bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide
HD
Iprit
Schwefel-LOST
Lost
Sulfur mustard
Senfgas
Yellow cross liquid
Yperite
Distilled mustard
Mustard T- mixture
1,1'-thiobis[2-chloroethane]
Dichlorodiethyl sulfide
식별자
3D 모델 (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.209.973
KEGG
UNII
성질
C4H8Cl2S
몰 질량 159.07 g·mol−1
겉보기 Colorless if pure. Normally ranges from pale yellow to dark brown. Slight garlic or horseradish type odor.[1]
밀도 1.27 g/mL, liquid
녹는점 14.4 °C (57.9 °F; 287.5 K)
끓는점 217 °C (423 °F; 490 K) begins to decompose at 217 °C (423 °F) and boils at 218 °C (424 °F)
Negligible
용해도 soluble in ether, 벤젠, lipids, alcohol, THF
위험
주요 위험 Poison, contact hazard, inhalation hazard, corrosive, environmental hazard, carcinogenic, possibly mutagenic
물질 안전 보건 자료 External MSDS
Very toxic (T+)
Dangerous for the environment (N)
Vesicant
Carc. Cat 1
NFPA 704 (파이어 다이아몬드)
Flammability code 1: Must be pre-heated before ignition can occur. Flash point over 93 °C (200 °F). E.g. canola oilHealth code 4: Very short exposure could cause death or major residual injury. E.g. VX gasReactivity code 1: Normally stable, but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures. E.g. calciumSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
1
4
1
인화점 105 °C (221 °F; 378 K)
관련 화합물
관련 화합물
Nitrogen mustard, Bis(chloroethyl) ether
달리 명시된 경우를 제외하면, 표준상태(25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa)에서 물질의 정보가 제공됨.
아니오아니오 유효성 확인 (관련 정보 예아니오아니오)
정보상자 각주

합성

SCl2 + 2 C2H4 → (Cl-CH2CH2)2S
3 (HO-CH2CH2)2S + 2 PCl3 → 3 (Cl-CH2CH2)2S + 2 P(OH)3
(HO-CH2CH2)2S + 2 HCl → (Cl-CH2CH2)2S + 2 H2O

독성 구조

 

같이 보기

각주

  1. FM 3–8 Chemical Reference handbook, US Army, 1967
  2. Mustard Gas (Sulphur Mustard) (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Supplement7, 1987). Inchem.org (1998-02-09). Retrieved on 2011-05-29.