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시인 코너

웨스트민스터 사원의 남측 수랑
웨스트민스터 사원의 시인 코너 안 기념비

시인 코너 (Poets’ Corner)는 수많은 시인, 극작가와 작가들이 묻히거나 기념된 장소라는 이유로 붙여진, 전통적으로 웨스트민스터 사원의 남측 수랑(transept)부분을 뜻하는 이름이다.

시인 코너에 매장된 첫 시인은 바로 제프리 초서이다.[1] 영국 문화 발전에 기여한 이들을 이곳에 매장하거나 기념하는 전통이 세기를 거듭하여 이어져왔다. 거의 대부분의 경우 이곳에 묻힌 작가에게는 영광이 주어진다.

2009년 왕립 발레단의 설립자의 석판 바닥에 기념되었다. 2010년 9월 25일 작가 엘리자베스 가스켈은 기념 창 구획에 헌사되어 기념되었다.[2] 2011년 12월 6일 전 영국의 계관시인이었던 테드 휴즈가 석판 바닥에 기념되었다.[3] 2013년 11월 22일 작가 C. S. 루이스의 작고 50주년을 기념하여 그는 석판 바닥에 기념되었다.[4] 시인 필립 라킨은 2016년 12월 2일 석판 바닥에 기념되었다.[5][6][7]

묘소편집

초상 이름 출생 사망 나이 Details of
funeral
직업
  로버트 아덤 1729 1792 63 ... 건축가
  아이작 바로우 1630 1677 46 ... 수학자
  Francis Beaumont 1584 1616 31–32 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. Playwright
... John Beaumont 1583 1627 43–44 ... 시인
... William Benson unknown 1549 unknown ... Abbot of Westminster
  Mary Eleanor Bowes 1749 1800 51 Reported by some to have been buried in a court dress, with all the accessories necessary for a Royal audience, plus a small silver trumpet, and by others as in her bridal dress. 시인 and playwright
  로버트 브라우닝 1812 1889 77 Browning's grave immediately adjacent to that of 앨프리드 테니슨. 시인
  Richard Busby 1606 1695 88–89 ... Headmaster
  William Camden 1551 1623 72 ... Antiquarian and historian
  토머스 캠벨 1777 1844 66 Funeral 3 July 1844.[8] 시인
  Henry Francis Cary 1772 1844 72 Funeral 14 August 1844.[9] 작가 and translator
  Isaac Casaubon 1559 1614 55 ... Classical scholar
  William Chambers 1723 1796 75 ... Architect
  제프리 초서 c. 1343 1400 56–57 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. Memorial was also erected. 작가 and 시인
  Abraham Cowley 1618 1667 48–49 ... 시인
  Richard Cumberland 1732 1811 79 ... Playwright
  William Davenant 1606 1668 62 ... 시인 and playwright
  John Denham 1614 or 1615 1669 63–65 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. 시인
  찰스 디킨스 1812 1870 58 Dickens's will did not dictate his place of burial, but stipulated that there be no grand funeral ceremony. He was therefore given a secret early-morning funeral in the Abbey, 14 June 1870.[10] 작가
  Michael Drayton 1563 1631 67–68 Died in London. Monument placed by the Countess of Dorset, with memorial lines attributed to Ben Jonson. 시인
  존 드라이든 1631 1700 68 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. Memorial was also erected. 시인 and playwright
... Adam Fox 1883 1977 93–94 ... Oxford Professor of 시인ry
Canon of Westminster Abbey
  David Garrick 1717 1779 61 ... Playwright
  John Gay 1685 1732 47 ... 시인 and playwright
  William Gifford 1756 1826 70 Gifford wanted to be buried in South Audley Chapel, "but for the pressing request of his grateful executor [John Ireland, Dean of Westminster], who was anxious that Gifford's remains should be mingled with the great and good in 시인s' Corner, Westminster-abbey."[11] 시인 and editor
  George Grote 1794 1871 76 ... Historian
  Richard Hakluyt c.1552 1616 63–64 ... 작가
  조지 프레드릭 헨델 1685 1759 74 ... 작곡가
  토머스 하디 1840 1928 87 Hardy's funeral, on 16 January 1928, proved a controversial occasion because Hardy himself had wished to be interred at Stinsford in the same grave as his first wife, Emma. His executor Sir Sydney Carlyle Cockerell, however, insisted that he be placed in the 시인s' Corner. A compromise was reached whereby his heart was buried at Stinsford with Emma, and his ashes in the Abbey. 작가 and 시인
  헨리 어빙 1838 1905 67 ... Actor
  새뮤얼 존슨 1709 1784 75 ... 작가, 시인 and lexicographer
  루디야드 키플링 1865 1936 70 ... 작가 and 시인
... Nicholas Litlington before 1315 1386 70+ ... Abbot of Westminster
  Thomas Macaulay 1800 1859 59 Public funeral, 9 January 1860.[12] 시인 and historian
  James Macpherson 1736 1796 59 ... 작가 and 시인
  존 메이스필드 1878 1967 88 According to his wishes, was cremated and his ashes placed in 시인s' Corner. 시인 and 작가
... Robert Moray 1608/9 1673 63–65 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. Statesman and natural philosopher
  Gilbert Murray 1866 1957 91 ... Scholar and translator
  로런스 올리비에 1907 1989 82 ... 배우
  Old Tom Parr 1483 1635 152 ... Supposedly long-lived Englishman
  Matthew Prior 1664 1721 57 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. Memorial was also erected. 시인 and diplomat
  Nicholas Rowe 1674 1718 44 ... Playwright and 시인
  Charles de Saint-Évremond 1610 1703 93 Grave is unmarked. Name is inscribed on the Cowley gravestone. Memorial was also erected. Essayist and literary critic
  Richard Brinsley Sheridan 1751 1816 64 ... Playwright and 시인
  Robert South 1634 1716 81 ... Theologian and 시인
  에드먼드 스펜서 c. 1552 1599 46–47 ... 시인
... Robert Stapylton c.1607 1669 61–62 ... Playwright
... Mary Steele 1678 1718 40 ... Letter writer
  앨프리드 테니슨 1809 1892 83 Large public funeral, 12 October 1892.[13] In 1893 the government formally requested there be a bust of Tennyson in 시인s' Corner. The businessman-botanist Charles Jenner offered Thomas Woolner's 1857 bust of Tennyson to the Abbey, and it was placed near Tennyson's gravestone, by moving a tablet to Christopher Anstey. There was no formal unveiling ceremony.[14] 시인
  Connop Thirlwall 1797 1875 78 ... Bishop and historian
... Thomas Triplet 1602 1670 68 ... Prebendary
... Owen Tudor 1429 1501 71–72 ... Monk of Westminster
  Eva Marie Veigel 1724 1822 98 ... Dancer

기념비편집

초상 이름 출생 사망 나이 Year
commemorated
Details of
memorial
직업
  조지프 애디슨 1672 1719 47 1809 Statue 시인 and essayist
  크리스토퍼 앤스티 1724 1805 80 1807 Stone tablet 시인 and author
  매튜 아널드 1822 1888 65 1989 Memorial bust & Mural tablet 시인
  Peggy Ashcroft 1907 1991 83 2005 Floor stone Actress
  W. H. 오든 1907 1973 66 1974 Floor stone 시인
  제인 오스틴 1775 1817 41 1967 Wall tablet Author
  John Betjeman 1906 1984 77 1996 Floor stone 시인 and author
  윌리엄 블레이크 1757 1827 69 1957 Memorial bust 시인 and artist
... Barton Booth 1681 1733 51–52 1772 Monument Actor
  샬럿 브론테 1816 1855 38 1947 Memorial tablet Author
  앤 브론테 1820 1849 29 1947 Memorial tablet Author
  에밀리 브론테 1818 1848 30 1947 Memorial tablet Author
  Elizabeth Barrett Browning 1806 1861 55 1906 Floor stone 시인
  Fanny Burney 1752 1840 87 2002 Panel on Hubbard memorial window Author and playwright
  로버트 번즈 1759 1796 37 1885 Memorial bust by John Steell. Unveiled 7 March 1885 by the Earl of Rosebery.[15] 시인
  새뮤얼 버틀러 1612 1680 68 1721 Memorial bust 시인
  바이런 경 1788 1824 36 1969 Floor stone 시인
  Cædmon fl.657 fl.680 unknown 1966 Floor stone 시인
  John Campbell 1678 1743 64 1749 Monument Soldier and nobleman
  루이스 캐럴 1832 1898 65 1982 Floor stone Author
  존 클레어 1793 1864 70 1989 Floor stone 시인
  새뮤얼 테일러 콜리지 1772 1834 61 1885 Memorial bust 시인
  조지 엘리엇 1819 1880 61 1980 Floor stone Author
  T. S. 엘리엇 1888 1965 76 1967 Floor stone 시인 and playwright
  데이빗 프로스트 1939 2013 74 2014 Floor stone[16] Journalist, comedian, writer and media personality
  엘리자베스 가스켈 1810 1865 55 2010 Panel on Hubbard memorial window Novelist
  Oliver Goldsmith 1728 1774 45 1776 Memorial tablet and bust 시인 and playwright
  Adam Lindsay Gordon 1833 1870 36 1934 Memorial bust 시인
... John Ernest Grabe 1666 1711 44–45 1727 Monument Priest and theologian
  Thomas Gray 1716 1771 54 1778 Monument 시인 and historian
  Stephen Hales 1677 1761 83 1761 Monument Priest and scientist
  Robert Herrick 1591 1674 83 1994 Panel on Hubbard memorial window 시인
  Gerard Manley Hopkins 1844 1889 44 1975 Floor stone 시인
  A. E. Housman 1859 1936 77 1996 Panel on Hubbard memorial window 시인
  테드 휴즈 1930 1998 68 2011 Floor stone at the foot of that for T. S. Eliot, one of his main influences 시인
  헨리 제임스 1843 1916 72 1976 Floor stone Author
  벤 존슨 1572 1637 65 1723 Wall tablet Playwright and 시인
  존 키츠 1795 1821 25 1954 Mural tablet 시인
  John Keble 1792 1866 73 1873 Bust 시인
... Philip Larkin 1922 1985 63 2016 Floor stone. The stone was inscribed with the final two lines from "An Arundel Tomb":

Our almost-instinct almost true:
What will survive of us is love.[17]

시인 and novelist
  D. H. 로런스 1885 1930 44 1985 Floor stone Author and 시인
  Edward Lear 1812 1888 75 1988 Floor stone Author and 시인
... C. S. 루이스 1898 1963 64 2013 Floor stone. The dedication service, at noon on 22 November 2013, included a reading from The Last Battle by Douglas Gresham, younger stepson of Lewis. Flowers were laid by Walter Hooper, trustee and literary advisor to the Lewis Estate. An address was delivered by former Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams. The floor stone inscription is a quotation from an address by Lewis: "I believe in Christianity as I believe that the Sun has risen, not only because I see it but because by it I see everything else."[18] Author
  Jenny Lind 1820 1887 67 1894 Wall tablet. "A medallion portrait of the famous singer – the last work of the late Mr Birch – has been placed in 시인s' Corner, Westminster Abbey, and was yesterday unveiled by the Princess Christian."[19] Opera singer
  Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 1807 1882 75 1884 Memorial bust by Thomas Brock, unveiled 1 March 1884.[20] 시인
  F. W. Maitland 1850 1906 56 2001 Floor stone Historian
  크리스토퍼 말로 1564 1593 29 2002 Panel on Hubbard memorial window Playwright and 시인
  윌리엄 메이슨 1724 1797 72–73 1799 Monument 시인
... 토머스 메이 1595 1650 54–56 1880 Wall stone 시인 and playwright
  존 밀턴 1608 1674 65 1737 Monument 시인 and author
  존 필립스 1676 1709 32 1710 Monument 시인
  알렉산더 포프 1688 1744 56 1994 Panel on Hubbard memorial window 시인
  John Pringle 1707 1782 74 ... Monument Military physician
  Hannah Pritchard 1711 1768 56–57 ... Monument. Later moved to the triforium. Actress
  존 러스킨 1819 1900 80 1902 Portrait roundel in bronze by Onslow Ford. Unveiled 8 February 1902, after a controversy over whether Ruskin felt monuments like this wasted money and disfigured a building's architectural unity.[21] 시인 and art critic
  월터 스콧 1771 1832 61 1897 Bust by the Scottish sculptor John Hutchison, "a beautifully executed copy of the famous Chantrey bust at Abbotsford".[22] Author and 시인
100px Thomas Shadwell c.1642 1692 ~50 c.1700 Monument 시인 and playwright
  윌리엄 셰익스피어 1564 1616 52 1740 Monument Playwright and 시인
  Granville Sharp 1735 1813 77 1816 Monument Slavery abolitionist
  퍼시 비시 쉘리 1792 1822 29 1954 Mural tablet 시인
  로버트 사우디 1774 1843 68 1845 Monument 시인
  윌리엄 메이크피스 새커리 1811 1863 52 1865 Bust Author
100px James Thomson 1700 1748 47 1762 Monument 시인 and playwright
  Dylan Thomas 1914 1953 39 1982 Floor stone 시인 and author
  안토니 트롤로프 1815 1882 67 1993 Floor stone Author
  William Vincent 1739 1815 76 c.1815[23] 1 Monument Dean of Westminster
  오스카 와일드 1854 1900 46 1995 Panel on Hubbard memorial window Playwright and author
  윌리엄 워즈워스 1770 1850 80 1854 Monument 시인
  James Wyatt 1746 1813 67 ... Monument Architect


참고편집

  1. Harold Bloom (2009). "Geoffrey Chaucer". p. 13. Infobase Publishing
  2. "Elizabeth Gaskell" Archived 2011년 8월 19일 - 웨이백 머신. Westminster-abbey.org (25 September 2010). Retrieved on 21 October 2011.
  3. Ted Hughes takes his place in Poets' Corner, BBC News, 6 December 2011
  4. "CS Lewis honoured with Poets' Corner memorial". BBC News. Retrieved 23 November 2012
  5. “Westminster Abbey honour for poet Philip Larkin”. Westminster Abbey. June 2015. 2016년 11월 27일에 확인함. 
  6. Sawyer, Patrick (2016년 11월 26일). 'Outsider' Larkin finally joins the Establishment in Poets' Corner”. 《The Daily Telegraph》. 
  7. “Westminster Poets' Corner memorial for Philip Larkin”. 《BBC News》 (BBC). 2016년 12월 2일. 2016년 12월 2일에 확인함. 
  8. The Times, 29 June 1844, p. 6; 4 July 1844, p. 5
  9. The Times, 22 August 1844, p. 3
  10. 'Funeral of Mr. Charles Dickens', The Times, 15 June 1870.
  11. The Times, 13 February 1827, p. 3
  12. The Times, 9 January 1860, p. 10; 10 January 1860, p. 9
  13. The Times, 13 October 1892
  14. "In accordance with the wish of the family there was no formal ceremonial of unveiling, and, as in the case of General Gordon, Dean Stanley, and the Earl of Beaconsfield, the memorial was placed, a possession for ever, in the presence of none save those by whom the work was done." The Times, 3 June 1895, p. 6
  15. The Times, 9 March 1885
  16. “Sir David Frost's memorial at Westminster's Poets' Corner”. BBC News. 2014년 3월 13일. 2014년 3월 14일에 확인함. 
  17. 인용 오류: <ref> 태그가 잘못되었습니다; 시인s Corner라는 이름을 가진 주석에 제공한 텍스트가 없습니다
  18. 《A service to dedicate a memorial to C. S. Lewis, writer, scholar, apologist》. Westminster Abbey. 2013. 
  19. The Times, 21 April 1894
  20. The Times, 2 November 1992, p. 6; 26 February 1884, p. 10; 3 March 1884, p. 8
  21. Sydney C. Cockerell letter to The Times, 22 August 1900; The Times, 7 February 1902, p. 9; 10 February 1902, p. 8
  22. The Times, 22 May 1897, p. 16
  23. "Yesterday morning, at half-past eleven o'clock, the remains of Dr. VINCENT, the Dean of Westminster, were interred in a private manner, at the back of DRYDEN's monument." The Times, 30 December 1815, p. 3