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까마귀속(Corvus)은 갈까마귀 등의 40여종을 포함한다. 윤기가 나는 검은 깃털을 가지고 있다. 대체로 조류 가운데 가장 머리가 좋은 부류 가운데 하나로 알려져 있다.[1][2] 실제 예로, 까마귀는 호두를 길바닥에 놓아두었다가 차가 지나가면서 부수면 주워먹을 정도로 영리하다. 잡식성 동물로써 농작물, 음식물 쓰레기등 다양한 먹이를 먹을 만큼 적응력이 뛰어나다.

Picto infobox reptile.png
생물 분류 읽는 법까마귀속
Corvus corax (Pcb21).jpg
생물 분류
계: 동물계
문: 척삭동물문
강: 조강
목: 참새목
과: 까마귀과
속: 까마귀속
(Corvus)
Linnaeus, 1758
  • 본문 참조

하위 종편집

  • Corvus alberculos - White-necked Raven or Cape Raven (Southern, central and eastern Africa)
  • Corvus albus - Pied Crow (Central African coasts to southern Africa)
  • Corvus bennetti - Little Crow (Australia)
  • Corvus brachyrhynchos - American Crow (United States, southern Canada, northern Mexico)
  • Corvus capensis - Cape Crow or Black Crow or Cape Rook (Eastern and southern Africa)
  • Corvus caurinus - Northwestern Crow (Olympic peninsula to southwest Alaska)
  • 도래까마귀 또는 큰까마귀 (Corvus corax) - 전북구
    • Corvus (corax) sinuatus - Western Raven (Holarctic; Arctic, North America, Eurasia, northern Africa, Pacific islands and British Isles)
    • Corvus (corax) varius morpha leucophaeus - Pied Raven an extinct color variant (Holarctic)
  • Corvus corone - Carrion Crow or Eurasian Crow (Western Europe from British Isles to Germany, to eastern Asia
  • Corvus cornix - Hooded Crow (Northern and eastern Europe (North Western Scotland and Northern Ireland in the United Kingdom, mainland Europe and northern Africa
    • Corvus (cornix) capellanus - Mesopotamian Crow or Iraq Pied Crow (Southern Iraq to extreme southwest Iran)
  • Corvus coronoides - Australian Raven (Eastern and southern Australia)
  • Corvus crassirostris - Thick-billed Raven (Ethiopia)
  • Corvus cryptoleucus - Chihuahuan Raven (Southwestern U.S., northwestern Mexico)
  • 갈까마귀 (Corvus dauuricus)
  • Corvus enca - Slender-billed Crow (Malaysia, Borneo, Indonesia)
    • Corvus (enca) violaceus - Violaceous Crow (Philippines, Ceram, Moluccas)
  • Corvus florensis - Flores Crow (Flores Island)
  • 떼까마귀 (Corvus frugilegus)
  • Corvus fuscicapillus - Brown-headed Crow (New Guinea)
  • Corvus hawaiiensis (formerly C. tropicus) - Hawaiian Crow (Island of Hawaii)
  • Corvus imparatus - Tamaulipas Crow (Gulf of Mexico coast from Nuevo León east to Rio Grande delta, south to Tampico, Tamaulipas)
  • 자메이카까마귀 (Corvus jamaicensis)
  • 마리아나까마귀 (Corvus kubaryi)
  • Corvus leucognaphalus - White-necked Crow (Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico)
  • 큰부리까마귀 (Corvus macrorhynchos)
    • Corvus (macrorhynchos) macrorhynchos
    • Corvus (macrorhynchos) levaillantii
    • Corvus (macrorhynchos) culminatus
  • Corvus meeki - Bougainville Crow or Soloman Islands Crow (Northern Soloman Islands)[3]
  • Corvus mellori - Little Raven (Southeastern Australia)
  • Corvus monedula - Jackdaw or Western Jackdaw (British Isles and western Europe, Scandinavia, northern Asia, Northern Africa)
  • 누벨칼레도니까마귀 (Corvus moneduloides) - 누벨칼레도니, 로열티 제도
  • 쿠바까마귀 (Corvus nasicus) - (Cuba, Isla de la Juventud, Grand Caicos Island)
  • Corvus orru - Torresian Crow or Australian Crow (Australia, New Guinea and nearby islands)
  • Corvus ossifragus - Fish Crow (Eastern U.S. coast, southeastern U.S. through Florida, west along major rivers to Oklahoma and Texas)
  • Corvus palmarum - Palm Crow (Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic)
  • Corvus rhipidurus - Fan-tailed Raven (Northeast Africa, Middle East)
  • Corvus ruficollis - Brown-necked Raven or Desert Raven (Northern Africa, Arabia, southeast to eastern Asia)
    • Corvus (ruficolis) edithae - Somali Crow or Dwarf Raven (Northeast Africa)
  • Corvus sinaloae - Sinaloan Crow (Pacific coast from Sonora to Colima)
  • Corvus splendens - House Crow or Indian House Crow (Indian subcontinent, Middle East, east Africa)
  • Corvus tasmanicus - Forest Raven or Tasmanian Raven (Tasmania and adjacent south coast of Australia)
    • Corvus (tasmanicus) boreus - Relict Raven (Northeastern New South Wales)
  • Corvus torquatus - Collared Crow (Eastern China, south into Vietnam)
  • Corvus tristis - Grey Crow or Bare-faced Crow (New Guinea and neighboring islands)
  • Corvus typicus - Piping Crow or Celebes Pied Crow (Sulawesi, Muna, Butung)
  • Corvus unicolor - Banggai Crow (Banggai Island) - possibly extinct
  • Corvus validus - Long-billed Crow (Northern Moluccas)
  • Corvus woodfordi - White-billed Crow or Soloman Islands Crow (Southern Soloman Islands)[3]

List sources[4]

각주편집

  1. BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Crows and jays top bird IQ scale
  2. Buckner, Cameron; Reber, Stephan A.; Bugnyar, Thomas (2016년 2월 2일). “Ravens attribute visual access to unseen competitors”. 《Nature Communications》 (영어) 7: 10506. doi:10.1038/ncomms10506. 
  3. Note: Both the Bougainville Crow and the White-billed Crow share the same alternate name "Soloman Islands Crow". They both live on the Soloman Islands; the Bougainville Crow in the north, and the White-billed Crow in the south.
  4. John M. Marzluff; Tony Angell (2005). 《In the Company of Crows and Ravens》. Yale University Press. 72–79쪽. ISBN 0-300-10076-0. 

외부 링크편집

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